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Deep horizontal ridges, called Beau’s lines, are often symptoms of a serious condition. They may actually stop nail growth until the underlying condition is treated. Acute kidney disease may also be present if Beau’s lines appear.
Deep horizontal ridges, called Beau’s lines, are often symptoms of a serious condition. They may actually stop nail growth until the underlying condition is treated.
- Zinc deficiency can affect the nails in the following ways :
- Beau’s lines are grooves that run horizontally across the fingernails.
Beau’s lines can be a clue to a systemic illness or drug reaction. If a systemic illness, medication, or other causative factor is identified, this underlying issue should be treated.
An example is with athletes who do a lot of jogging or long-distance running—they often find Beau’s lines on their toenails from the repeated smashing of the distal edge into the front of the shoe when running or kicking.
If low levels of minerals or vitamins are to blame, you may be advised to alter your diet or take supplements to boost your levels. Buffing your fingernails with an emery board may help smooth ridges. Ask your dermatologist for advice on treating your nails.
The indentations can appear when growth at the area under the cuticle is interrupted by injury or severe illness. Conditions associated with Beau’s lines include uncontrolled diabetes and peripheral vascular disease, as well as illnesses associated with a high fever, such as scarlet fever, measles, mumps and pneumonia.
Nail pitting is quite difficult to treat, although some modern methods have been shown to be effective. Treatments that can be applied to the nail include steroids, salicylic acid, calcipotriol, and tazarotene, although these are often not very effective.
Beau’s lines are probably one of the most common but least specific nail changes associated with systemic disease.
Koilonychia is associated with iron deficiency and protein deficiency, especially deficiency of sulfur-containing amino acids. Beau’s lines are transverse depressions in the nail plate caused by temporary cessation of nail growth.
Horizontal ridges run from side to side on your nails and are often referred to as Beau’s lines. Horizontal ridges can be caused by trauma to the nail and may be deep or discolored. The can also indicate malnutrition, psoriasis or a thyroid problem.
Nail enhancements are the ideal solution to the appearance of Beau’s lines, because nail products such as acrylic or gel can fill in the grooves and smooth out the nail.
There is actually a condition called Beau’s lines that presents with tiny horizontal lines in your fingernails and can be caused by major emotional upheaval.
Symptoms & Signs. Beau’s lines are horizontal or transverse depressions in the nail (they can be seen in the fingernails, thumbs, toenails, or all nails) that may be confused with nail ridging.
Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B12 or keratin can result in fingernail ridges. Hormonal changes can also cause ridges to appear.
Psoriatic nail disease can be difficult to treat and there is no cure. It doesn’t usually grow out without treatment, so can continue to cause problems. The appearance of the affected nails can also sometimes cause distress. The treatment of severe psoriatic nail disease is now improving with modern medicines.
Even without treatment, psoriasis may disappear. Spontaneous remission, or remission that occurs without treatment, is also possible. In that case, it’s likely your immune system turned off its attack on your body. This allows the symptoms to fade.
There’s no cure for psoriasis. But treatment can help you feel better. You may need topical, oral, or body-wide (systemic) treatments. Even if you have severe psoriasis, there are good ways to manage your flare-ups.
Most vitamin deficiencies are due to either inadequate dietary intake or malabsorption. Vitamin D, which can be obtained through sun exposure, is one of the few exceptions. Lack of these nutrients may affect the nail, the nail bed, or both and may present on physical exam or with biopsy.
Magnesium is a mineral involved in over 300 reactions in your body, including protein synthesis, which is required for nail growth ( 10 ). Vertical ridges in your nails may be a sign of a magnesium deficiency.
Thyroid diseases such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism may cause brittle nails or splitting of the nail bed from the nail plate (onycholysis). Severe illness or surgery may cause horizontal depressions in the nails Beau lines.
Horizontal ridges on the nails can represent very benign causes. The most common cause of horizontal ridges on the nails is called “Beau’s lines.” Horizontal ridging of the nails is trauma to the nail matrix, which is located just behind the cuticle.
And, keratin production depends on vitamins A and B12, iron, zinc and the B-vitamin biotin, she adds. Eating foods rich in these vitamins or taking supplements help ensure you’re getting enough, and might improve ridges in fingernails. Zinc and biotin supplements especially help improve nail health.
Beau’s lines are horizontal or transverse depressions in the nail (they can be seen in the fingernails, thumbs, toenails, or all nails) that may be confused with nail ridging.
Case. Beau’s lines are commonly observed in patients with prior trauma or systemic diseases. Our case highlights Beau’s lines are also observed in drug allergy, especially when the damage severely enough can result transient arrest of the nails. Curing primary disease is the key therapy of Beau’s lines.
While onycholysis can be the starting point for onychomycosis, Beau’s lines can occur in fungal nails and onychoatrophia on the fifth toes may appear similar to nail fungus.
Beau’s lines have been described in systemic disorders like coronary thrombosis, measles, mumps, Kawasaki’s disease, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, and renal failure. A distal and / or lateral separation of the nail plate from the nail bed is called onycholysis.