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For best results, use a plug aerator, which removes a core, or plug, of grass and soil from your lawn. Look for an aerating tool or machine that removes soil plugs approximately two to three inches deep and roughly half to three quarters of an inch in diameter, about two to three inches apart.
Loose soil doesn’t need to be aerated very often. … Especially thick types of grass may also call for aerating more frequently. As a general rule, you shouldn’t need to aerate more than once a year at any time (“too much of a good thing” applies here, since you don’t want to damage your soil).
Aeration Process Using a hand or power tool, 3-inch long cylindrical soil plugs are physically pulled from the ground at 3-inch intervals. Removing some of the soil from your lawn also reduces the thatch layer at the same time — these cores are simply strewn on top of the lawn afterward.
You want it to be 1–2cm deep across the lawn and down near the roots, not covering the lawn.
It is best to dethatch first before aerating your lawn. This way, you’ll remove the excess debris and promote healthy root development. Aerating is best done when there’s the problem of compaction.
Those aeration plugs are vital to the health of your lawn. Resist the urge to “clean” the lawn after it’s been aerated, and whatever you do, don’t remove the plugs.
Make sure you’re aerating the entire lawn. You’ll also want to space the holes evenly, about three to four inches apart.
Within 48 hours after you aerate you should over seed, fertilize, and water your lawn. The seed, fertilizer, and water will have the best chance to get down into the holes made by the aerator if applied soon after aeration.
Stop fertilizing for at least a month before overseeding. The fertilizer makes your grass grow faster, which makes it harder for the new seeds to take hold. Identify your grass type or the type of grass you want to grow, so you can manage it appropriately.
When you aerate, strive for an even 3- to 4-inch spacing between holes throughout the lawn. To do so, you must make two passes in different directions. Make sure that the soil is slightly moist — not too wet or too dry. Set the aerator to pull out cores about 3 inches long.
Adjust depth control knob to desired depth. Coring depth decreases by turning the knob clockwise. Push down the rear wheel control handle to lower aerating tines into the ground (rear wheels will rise).
You want to aerate the lawn when your grass is in its peak growing period so it can recover quickly—think early spring or fall for cool-season grasses, and late spring through early summer for warm-season grasses.
Prior to aeration and seeding, a lawn should be mowed at a height of 1.5 to 2 inches. Any clippings left on the lawn after this close cut, should be bagged, blown or raked off the lawn. This is necessary to maximize seed to soil contact as the seed is spread. This is a key factor in successful germination.
Core aeration helps manage that build-up by introducing thatch-decomposing microorganisms from the soil to the top of the thatch layer. 3. Increases nutrient availability. Aeration allows air, water and nutrients to penetrate the soil.
What to Do After Aeration. After you finish aerating your lawn, let soil plugs or extra soil dry where they fall. They’ll break down in rain or crumble the next time you mow, adding beneficial soil and organic matter to your lawn surface.
Before you aerate, mow your lawn low (Timberline lawn experts recommend setting your mower to about 1.5-2 inches above the ground to maximize the effectiveness of aerating, being sure to not scalp the crown of the grass.) You will want to water one to three days before aerating.
The best time to aerate your lawn is during the fall before you begin a fertilization program or decide to overseed. … Aeration will help ensure your soil is ready to absorb all of the nutrients and seeds that come its way with topdressing and overseeding.
When considering both aerating and scarifying, it’s better to scarify first, then aerate– but leave a few days in between the two exercises to allow your lawn to recover before you put it through all that work again.
Apply fertilizer immediately after aerating your lawn to put nutrients into your grass roots. This allows the grass to better prepare for summer heat. Growing a thick, healthy lawn is useful in preventing weeds as well. Reseed your lawn, especially in areas of the lawn where the grass is thin.
After Aeration Overseed and Fertilize For best results, use high-quality seed and fertilize with Milorganite®. Mixing grass seed with Milorganite is an effective way to spread seed accurately.
If you’re looking to aerate your landscape in the spring, the best time would be between March and May. While we recommend aerating your lawn in the fall, spring core aeration may be beneficial if your turf is so compacted it refuses to grow.
When using sand after aeration, the sand fills the holes and helps change the soil structure, improving its drainage and increasing the growth of healthy grass. … This is a good option as long as you match your soil with what you’re adding, so they’re compatible.
There are leaves on my lawn, will you still aerate and seed it? Keep as many leaves as possible off the lawn before your scheduled date. If the lawn is covered with leaves we may have to reschedule your service.
Don’t mow the lawn for at least a week after aerating it. Make sure you know where all your sprinklers and pop-ups are otherwise you might damage them. It’s a good idea to water the lawn before aerating it because aeration is most effective when the soil is slightly moist.
You should wait to cut new grass until at least 2 to 3 weeks after overseeding your grass before mowing. This will give new roots sufficient time to spread and develop.
When seeding a lawn, you should never apply the fertilizer and seed together. This can cause an uneven distribution of the materials resulting in patchy areas or seedlings burned by excess fertilizer. It is best to spread the fertilizer just prior to planting the seed.
In the simplest terms, overseeding is adding grass seed to your existing lawn without turning the soil. This adds more color to your lawn, helps create thicker grass, and introduces enhanced varieties of grass to your lawn.
Don’t overdo or cut corners. Too much grass seed causes undue competition for resources such as light, water and nutrients, and grass seedlings struggle as a result. Too little seed leaves lawns thin or bare.
Aerating your lawn allows vital nutrients, water, sunlight and oxygen to sink in and reach the root system of your lawn. This will promote a healthy and deep root system, giving you a lush green lawn that is better equipped to defend against the intrusion of unwanted weeds and grasses.
If your lawn is healthy, aerating once a year is enough to keep it healthy. If you have a lot of compacted soil and thatch, you can aerate it twice a year. This may not sound like a lot for unhealthy soil, but if you aerate more than once or twice a year, it can actually damage the soil.
Spike and plug aerators are used to alleviate the negative affects of compacted soil on your lawn. … Plug aerators are usually more effective at relieving compaction in lawns with a heavy clay soil since the solid tines used on spike aerators compact the clay soil further when they push into the ground.
Spike Aeration Unlike plug aerators, spike aerators do not remove any soil from the ground. They only poke holes in the ground to get rid of compaction. Spike aeration is great, but it gets rid of soil compaction on a short term basis.
During the first two weeks following your aeration and seeding service, the main goal is to keep the ground/seed moist while the seed begins to germinate. We recommend that you water each day for at least 20 minutes in all areas of the lawn (water the soil to a depth of about 1/4”).
For warm-season grasses it is too late to aerate once the growing season has passed in late summer into early fall. For cool-season grasses, late fall into early winter is too late to aerate.
The aeration gets rid of compacted soil and thatch, which means the roots can get everything they need to grow and overseeding ensures there is plenty of grass growing to cover the lawn and ensure it looks thick and green.
Overseeding is used for larger areas where the turf is thin, but not bare. The effectiveness of overseeding, whether done in the spring or fall, is enhanced when it is combined with lawn aeration. … It is helpful to core aerate before and after seeding into an existing lawn.