These Indoor Vines that Grow in Water are the best way to bring nature into your home without worrying too much about soil and maintenance! Even you’re not an ideal plant grower, and you can plant these vining and climbing houseplants indoors in decorative vases and glasses in water without worrying about maintenance.
Rooting plants in water is a way of propagating new plants using only water. The low-maintenance method involves snipping a cutting at the base of a leaf and placing it in fresh spring water in a glass vase where it will then grow roots.
Philodendrons, begonias, tradescantia, pilea, peperomias, ctenanthe (but sadly not calathea) and rhipsalis are just a few of the types that will readily root in water. In general, cuttings should be 10-15cm long – larger cuttings may take, but the ratio of stem to root often makes for a weak plant.
Propagation for many plants is best done in potting soil, but some plants can be propagated in water. This is because they have evolved in an environment that allows it. … As a result, the descendants of that ancestor have the ability to grow in water, too.
You see, cuttings grown in water get too much of a good thing: H20. Yes, they need moisture to root, but they also need oxygen. … Your newly rooted plant can lose half its roots or more as you plant it and each wounded root can possibly lead to rot: not such an auspicious beginning!
The stem will have (half inch or 1-2 cm) hair-like roots forming. Your cutting has begun rooting and is safe to place into potting soil. Lift the cutting out of the water and check the bottom of the stem to see if it has developed any root tendrils.
Technically, you can transfer your cuttings to soil at any time. In fact, you can actually propagate directly into soil, however, it’s much harder to do within your home. When you propagate in soil, you have to keep a good balance of soil moisture, air flow, and humidity.
Place the cutting in a clean glass. Poor enough room temperature water to cover the nodes of the cutting. Change out the water every 3-5 days with fresh room temperature water. Wait and watch as your roots grow!
To promote root growth, create a rooting solution by dissolving an aspirin in water. 3. Give your new plant time to acclimate from water to soil. If you root your cutting in water, it develops roots that are best adapted to get what they need from water rather than from soil, Clark pointed out.
- English Ivy.
- Fiddle leaf fig.
- Spider plants.
- Swedish ivy.
- Fiddle leaf fig.
- Baby’s tears.
- Grape ivy.
- African violet.
Cut the vine into multiple pieces, with each piece having one or two leaves. Make each cut directly above a leaf, and trim the stem below the leaf to about one inch. Dip the end of each stem in rooting hormone powder. Fill a planter with sand (or a sand/soil mix) and poke holes in the sand for planting.
Too much or too frequent application of mist / fog keeps the growing medium saturated, excess water will flow from the bottom of the trays and rooting will be delayed. Applying mist / fog too infrequently will increase transpiration from the leaves and cuttings will lose turgidity and could die from drying out.
A soilless media is the best starting mix for starting plant cuttings. The mixture should be loose, well draining and have plenty of oxygen movement for newly forming roots. You can start cuttings in perlite, vermiculite, sand, or a combination of peat moss, and any of the previous items.
I always use a mixture of potting mix and river sand or river sand alone while propagating plants from cuttings. The medium in which the roots form should be porous for good aeration and drainage. The roots will rot if there is no air. Capable of moisture retention.
Start to treat root rot by removing the plant from the soil and washing the roots under running water. Wash away as much soil and affected roots as possible while being gentle with the plant. Next use a sharp, clean pair of shears or scissors to trim away all of the remaining affected roots.
Your cuttings are too long The only water available to the long cutting is from the small root tip in the water! Chances are, if you have really long cuttings, they’ve probably wilted and some leaves have yellowed. … To increase your chances of rooting, make cuttings that are no longer than 4-6 inches (10-15cm) or so.
- Umbrella plant.
- African violets.
- Prayer plant.
It’s relatively easy to root new plants from cuttings, but taking a bit of extra care can help ensure success. You’ll need to be patient, however, because the time it takes to produce new roots can be a three to four weeks, depending on the type of plant.
Water-Rooted Stem Cuttings Choose long canes and place them in tall vases with four to six inches of water. The warm home environment and the water will cause the stems to break dormancy and bloom. When the flowers begin to fade, the leaves will sprout.
So, do plant cuttings need light? Plant cuttings taken from a stem or leaf will need light to root. Root cuttings can be left in the dark until they grow shoots and leaves. Plant cuttings need bright light for photosynthesis so they can make energy for new growth.
- Extract the Plant From the Soil. …
- Remove the Soil Around the Roots. …
- Rinse the Plant. …
- Put the Plant in a Hydroponic Chamber. …
- Carefully Insert Your Plant into Your Chosen Medium. …
- Add Water into the Water Reservoir. …
- Add the Nutrients into the Water.
Be sure to add fresh water as needed until the cuttings are fully rooted. Rooting will generally occur in 3-4 weeks but some plants will take longer. When the roots are 1-2 inches long or longer the cutting is ready to be potted up.
Rooting hormone gel works best when you are planting your cuttings in a rooting compound medium and not in a glass of water.
Aspirin rooting hormone is recommended as one of the best rooting hormones for plant cuttings. Dissolve an aspirin tablet in water and soak cuttings in it for an hour.
Phosphorus and potassium are the two main nutrients that support root growth in plants. Specifically, they encourage plants to put down a dense collection of new roots and strengthen existing roots as they develop.
A small amount of apple cider vinegar is all you need to create this organic rooting hormone, and too much may prevent rooting. (Vinegar for garden use actually includes using apple cider vinegar to kill weeds.) A teaspoon of vinegar in 5 to 6 cups (1.2-1.4 L.) of water is enough.
Plants grown hydroponically, can use up to 90% less water than those grown in pots of soil. In many cases, houseplants can thrive in water indefinitely as long as you provide what they need to continue growing.
Cut stem pieces that are five to seven inches long, just below a leaf node where roots will form. Place them in a jar or vase of clean water, changing it every few weeks. Other indoor plants that can be grown in water include wandering jew plant and peas lily.
- Chinese evergreen (Aglaonemas)
- Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia)
- English ivy.
- Moses-in-a-cradle (Rhoeo)
- Wax plant.
Some annuals and perennials whose cuttings can be rooted in water include coleus, impatiens, lantana, brugmansia, ruellia, kalanchoe, sedum, shrimp plant, salvia, sage, lavender, fuschia, geranium, marigolds, dianthus, balloon plant, obedient plant, penta and forget-me-not.
- African violet.
- Begonia rex.
- Cactus (particularly varieties producing “pads” like Bunnies Ears)
- Crassula (Jade Plant)
- Plectranthus (Swedish Ivy)
Place the cuttings in a tall glass or bottle. Add just enough tepid water to the glass or bottle to cover completely the angle-cut basal ends of each cutting. Leave the grapevine cuttings in the water for about six weeks, or until they develop numerous 1-inch long roots.
Water thoroughly and place in a shady location. Cuttings should root within about a month or so, give or take, at which time you can transplant them or let them continue growing until the following spring and then replant elsewhere. Layering can also be done.
- Remove only healthy, nonflowering stems. …
- Sprinkle rooting hormone powder on a saucer. …
- Fill a small pot with soilless potting mix that’s been moistened. …
- Carefully insert the cutting about 1 inch into the planting hole; avoid knocking off the rooting powder.