sein – future tense Sie werden sein – you will be (formal). When conjugating this tense, the word ‘sein’ goes to the end of the sentence. The verb in action: Es wird so lustig sein!
|ich bin||I am|
|du bist||you are|
|er/sie/es ist||he/she/it is|
The verbs sein (to be) and haben (to have) are two of the most common verbs in German and therefore you must memorize their forms. Sein and haben are the infinitive forms of the verbs. “Infinitive forms” are important to know since dictionaries list verbs in that form.
Now you need to know when you use these two auxiliary verbs. You use haben with transitive verbs and sein with intransitive verbs .
Note: in spoken German, the verbs sein (to be) and haben (to have) are mostly used in the simple past tense, not in the perfect tense (for example, ich war rather than ich bin gewesen).
(Herr Lehrer) If a verb shows motion, use “sein” in the Perfekt. If a verb does not show motion, use “haben” in the Perfekt.
Sein is German for to be. It’s ALSO the German word for his, but that’s really just one of many… … Anyway, sein is the most irregular verb in the German language.
- ich arbeite. du arbeitest.
- er arbeitete. wir haben gearbeitet.
- ihr werdet arbeiten.
- sie würden arbeiten.
Keep in mind that the verb schließen uses haben as a helping verb, not sein, to form present perfect tense.
“fahren” uses sein as auxiliary verb if the sentence is intransitive. If the sentence is transitive, “fahren” uses haben as auxiliary verb.
The verbs of motion “fahren”, “schwimmen” and “reiten” (and some more, I guess) may be used with “haben” and “sein” regardless of transitivity.
The present perfect (Perfekt) or compound perfect tense combines two “versions” of the verb “haben”. First, the verb “haben” is conjugated in the present tense (ich habe, du hast, er/sie/es hat, etc.), followed by “gehabt” – the “basic” third-person form of the verb “haben” with the added prefix “ge”.
The past participle will be formed by adding the prefix ge- to the stem and the suffixes -t or -en. In this case, the participle of haben will be gehabt and for sein it will be gewesen. So the perfect tense of haben will be habe gehabt.
- ich schlafe. du schläfst.
- er schlief. wir haben geschlafen.
- ihr werdet schlafen.
- sie würden schlafen.
Any regular German verb uses the basic -te ending to form the simple past, similar to the -ed past ending in English. The past-tense ending is added to the verb stem exactly as in the present tense. … The simple past tense endings are: -te (ich, er/sie/es), -test (du), -tet (ihr), and -ten (Sie, wir, sie [pl.]).
(1) ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF SEINES AND NETS. —No person may have in his or her custody or possession in any county of this state any fishing seine or net, the use of which for fishing purposes in such county is prohibited by law.
Minnows live near the shore around rocks, tree roots, and other hiding surfaces. They are easily drawn out with inexpensive baits, including leftover bread and pet food. To catch these small but useful fish, bait a trap, place it in shallow water near the shore, and wait for the minnows to come to you.
Harvest fish from ponds using seine nets. Stretch the seine net out across the width of the pond at one of the pond’s edges. Allow the weighted “mud line” or bottom rope to sink to the bottom of the pond. The top rope should float on top of the surface of the pond.
The verb “machen” is not “sein” and therefore it does not fulfill the first criteria. The verb “machen” does not necessarily cause the subject to move from a to b and therefore it does not fulfill the second criteria as well.
Gehen is a verb of movement, so its auxiliary verb is sein (to be). Er ist zur Schule gegangen. (He went/has gone to school.)
The perfect tense is formed with the present tense of haben or sein and a past participle. The past participle begins in ge- and ends in -t for weak verbs, in ge- and -en for strong verbs often with a stem vowel change, and in ge- and -t for mixed verbs, with a stem vowel change.
The same endings are used for the negative indefinite article-like word (kein-), and the adjectival possessive pronouns (alias: possessive adjectives, possessive determiners), mein- (my), dein- (your (singular)), sein- (his), ihr- (her and their), unser- (our), euer/eur- (your (plural), if addressing a group), Ihr- ( …
Spanish Baby Names Meaning: In Spanish Baby Names the meaning of the name Sein is: Innocent.
Regular -ten verbs (weak verbs) (arbeiten, to work) When a verb stem ends in -t, an intermediate -e- is added before most endings to prevent a large consonant cluster.
Arbeit is a word of the German language which means “work” or “labour”.
The chart below lists two sample German verbs—one an example of a “normal” verb, the other an example of verbs that require a “connecting e” in the 2nd person singular and plural, and the 3rd person singular (du/ihr, er/sie/es)—as in er arbeitet.
How will you know which helping verb to use? This is determined by the other verb in the sentence, so it’s best to learn it by heart or check the dictionary. These two auxiliary verbs will help to build the past compound tenses and one of the two passive voices, das Zustandspassiv.
neuter noun. auxiliary or helping (US) verb.
The present participle of German verbs is formed by adding a -d suffix to the infinitive form of the verb. By far the most common use of the German present participle is as an adjective. Like other adjectives, the present participle takes endings when used attributively.