It was established by the Belfast Agreement which allowed for up to 500 loyalist and republican prisoners sentenced before 10 April 1998 to be released by 28 July 2000. This decision to release prisoners without serving their full sentences provoked moral outrage.
How many prisoners were there in 2010? prisoners in 2011.


What was the result of the Good Friday Agreement?

The agreement thus left the issue of future sovereignty over Northern Ireland open-ended. The agreement reached was that Northern Ireland was part of the United Kingdom, and would remain so until a majority of the people both of Northern Ireland and of the Republic of Ireland wished otherwise.

Was there a vote on the Good Friday Agreement?

The Good Friday Agreement referendum, 1998 was a referendum held in Northern Ireland over whether there was support for the Good Friday Agreement. The result was a majority (71.1%) in favour. A simultaneous referendum held in the Republic of Ireland produced an even larger majority (94.4%) in favour.

Who negotiated Good Friday Agreement?

Majority opinion in the future could be tested by referendum. The two main political parties to the Agreement were the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), led by David Trimble and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), led by John Hume. The two leaders jointly won the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize.

Is the IRA still active?

Over 250 seizures, thwarted attacks, and counter-terrorist operations are reported to have been undertaken by British security services. The group remained active in 2018, with it and the Continuity IRA claiming they have no plans to announce a ceasefire along the lines of that of the ONH.

Why did the Anglo Irish Agreement fail?

The Agreement was widely rejected by unionists because it gave the Republic of Ireland a role in the governance of Northern Ireland for the first time ever, and because they had been excluded from the agreement negotiations.

When did Northern Ireland become part of the UK?

In 1920 the British government introduced another bill to create two devolved governments: one for six northern counties (Northern Ireland) and one for the rest of the island (Southern Ireland). This was passed as the Government of Ireland Act, and came into force as a fait accompli on 3 May 1921.

What ended the IRA?

These resulted in the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, and in 2005 the IRA formally ended its armed campaign and decommissioned its weapons under the supervision of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning.

Why did England invade Ireland?

Cromwell English parliamentarian Oliver Cromwell invaded Ireland in 1649 with his New Model Army, hoping to seize Ireland from the ruling Irish Catholic Confederation. By 1652 most of the country had been taken, but pockets of guerrilla rebels endured.

Do the IRA sell guns?

In 1971, the IRA receives its first consignments of Armalite rifles. They include around 100 AR-15 and AR-180 rifles, on the Queen Elizabeth 2 (New York to Southampton).

Is Ireland still divided?

The island is divided between the Republic of Ireland, an independent state, and Northern Ireland, a constituent country of the United Kingdom. They share an open border and both are part of the Common Travel Area.

Does Britain still occupy Ireland?

British rule in Ireland began with the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169. Northern Ireland still remains part of the United Kingdom as a constituent country. …

How many British soldiers died in Northern Ireland?

Around 1,400 British military personnel died during the deployment. Of these, half were killed by paramilitaries and half died from other causes. The RUC lost 319 officers to terrorist violence.

What regiments served in Northern Ireland?

  • 1st Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment.
  • 4th (v) Battalion, Royal Irish Rangers, Portadown.
  • 4th Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment, County Fermanagh.
  • 5th Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment, County Londonderry.
  • 6th Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment, County Tyrone.
Is Ireland Protestant or Catholic?

Religion. Ireland has two main religious groups. The majority of Irish are Roman Catholic, and a smaller number are Protestant (mostly Anglicans and Presbyterians). However, there is a majority of Protestants in the northern province of Ulster.

Who voted against the Anglo Irish Agreement?

The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed in London on 6 December 1921 and Dáil Éireann voted to approve the treaty on 7 January 1922, following a debate through late December 1921 and into January 1922. The vote was 64 in favour, 57 against, with the Ceann Comhairle and 3 others not voting.

Was the Anglo Irish Treaty a success?

Though the treaty was narrowly approved, the split led to the Irish Civil War, which was won by the pro-treaty side. The Irish Free State as contemplated by the treaty came into existence when its constitution became law on 6 December 1922 by a royal proclamation.

Is Ireland or Northern Ireland part of the UK?

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK), since 1922, comprises four constituent countries: England, Scotland, and Wales (which collectively make up Great Britain), as well as Northern Ireland (variously described as a country, province or region).

What are the troubles of Northern Ireland based on?

The Troubles were seeded by centuries of conflict between predominantly Catholic Ireland and predominantly Protestant England. Tensions flared into violence in the late 1960s, leaving some 3,600 people dead and more than 30,000 injured.

Why is Ireland called Ireland?

So where does the name Ireland come from? Well, the name evolved over many centuries from the old Irish word for a Goddess; Ériu, as she was called, has been described as the matron Goddess of ancient Irish mythology. The modern Irish language name for Ireland is “Éire” and is derived from Ériu.

Where did the Scots come from?

The Scots (Scots: Scots Fowk; Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich) are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged in the early Middle Ages from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century.

Where did the IRA get their guns?

The two main sources of weaponry for the IRA have been the USA and Libya. The main gun-running network in the USA was controlled by a veteran Irish Republican called George Harrison.

Are loyalists Catholic or Protestant?

Unionists and loyalists, who for historical reasons were mostly Ulster Protestants, wanted Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom. Irish nationalists and republicans, who were mostly Irish Catholics, wanted Northern Ireland to leave the United Kingdom and join a united Ireland.

Did England go to war with the IRA?

The Irish War of Independence (Irish: Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought in Ireland from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and British forces: the British Army, along with the quasi-military Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and its …

Who owns Ireland?

The island of Ireland comprises the Republic of Ireland, which is a sovereign country, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.

How many Irish were killed by the English?

One modern estimate estimated that at least 200,000 were killed out of a population of allegedly 2 million.

Who ruled Ireland before the British?

The history of Ireland from 1169–1536 covers the period from the arrival of the Cambro-Normans to the reign of Henry II of England, who made his son, Prince John, Lord of Ireland. After the Norman invasions of 1169 and 1171, Ireland was under an alternating level of control from Norman lords and the King of England.

What happened to the Irish?

The Irish Were Forced To Suffer In The “Great Famine” Because Of English Policies. … In the decade from 1840 to 1850, 1.5 million Irish inhabitants out of 8.2 million disappeared. Some emigrated, but many perished. Ireland has never reached the population levels it held in the mid-19th century.

Why did the IRA start?

The Provisional IRA (PIRA) broke from the OIRA in 1969 due to abstentionism and differing views on how to deal with the increasing violence in Northern Ireland. Although it opposed the OIRA’s Marxism, it came to develop a left-wing orientation and it also increased its political activity.

What is the difference between Catholic and Protestant?

Catholics believe that salvation to eternal life is God’s will for all people. You must believe Jesus was the son of God, receive Baptism, confess your sins, and take part in Holy Mass to obtain this. Protestants believe that salvation to eternal life is God’s will for all people.

What pistol did the IRA use?

ModelCaliberDetailsPistolsLuger P089×19mm ParabellumM1911.45 ACPKnown to be used in some quantities from 1969-98.Webley Revolver.455 Webley

What guns did the Irish make?

NameOriginCaliberAssault riflesSteyr AUG A3Austria5.56×45mmHeckler & Koch HK416Germany5.56×45mmFN Minimi ParaBelgium5.56×45mm

Did the CIA give the IRA weapons?

The CIA kept silent on explosive allegations that they were involved in gun running to the IRA during the Troubles, declassified intelligence files have revealed. … The five claimed they bought the arms from an arms dealer, who was an undercover CIA agent.

Is Belfast more Catholic or Protestant?

DistrictBelfastCatholic40%Protestant and other Christian49.5%Other8.7%

Are there still walls in Belfast?

Built in a bid to protect people from violence during the 30 years of conflict known as the Troubles, they remain in place today despite the signing of the 1998 Belfast Agreement, or Good Friday Agreement.

How many peace walls are in Northern Ireland?

In May 2013, the Northern Ireland Executive committed to the removal of all peace lines by mutual consent by 2023. In 2017, the Belfast Interface Project published a study entitled “Interface Barriers, Peacelines & Defensive Architecture” that identified 97 separate walls, barriers and interfaces in Belfast.

What was the flag of Ireland before partition?

Before the tricolour, Irish nationalists flew a green flag with a harp on it. This older flag was first flown by Irish rebel leader Owen Roe O’Neill in 1642.

Why is Wales not on the Union Jack?

The Welsh dragon does not appear on the Union Flag. This is because when the first Union Flag was created in 1606, the Principality of Wales by that time was already united with England and was no longer a separate principality. The Union Flag was originally a Royal flag.

Why did Ireland leave the UK?

In 1922, after the Irish War of Independence most of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom to become the independent Irish Free State but under the Anglo-Irish Treaty the six northeastern counties, known as Northern Ireland, remained within the United Kingdom, creating the partition of Ireland.