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There is no problem with running your vent pipes horizontally as long as you remember that there should be a minimum clearance of 6 inches above the spill line. What is a spill line? This is the level where the water starts to overflow from the rim of the sink, toilet, or tub.
It does not have to go through the roof. From the plumbing code (I have the 2003 edition), P3103: It must not be less than 4 feet directly beneath a door, openable window or other air intake of the building or adjacent building.
Each vent pipe or stack shall extend through its flashing and shall terminate vertically not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above the roof nor less than 1 foot (305 mm) from a vertical surface.
The 2-10 Rule states that combustion vents should terminate at least 2 feet above any part of the roof within 10 feet.
Also called a vent stack or plumbing air vent, the vent pipe regulates airflow to assure waste and water flows through pipes that drain out of your house. It prevents a vacuum that causes slow or no drainage.
Plumbing vents need to be straight on the vertical. This is necessary to avoid any vapor locks from occurring. When there is a bend in the vent pipe, moisture accumulates and is trapped.
But how many roof vents does one home really need? A general guideline is homeowners need one square foot of roof vent for every 300 square feet of ceiling space, if your home has a roof with a vapor barrier, or 1:300. If not, you should have one square foot of roof vent for every 150 square feet, or 1:150.
A 2″ pipe can serve a toilet and a maximum 4 fixture units draining into it. (Sinks, tubs, showers all have 1.5 fixtures units each). As a general rule, you will just be able to vent 2 fixtures on a toilet wet vent.
According to the UPC, the distance between your trap and the vent should be no more than 6 feet. In other words, for the vent to work properly, it needs to feed into the drain line within 6 feet of the trapways that connect to it.
trap, the distance from the weir of the trap to the vent pipe opening “shall not” exceed 30 inches.
The International Plumbing Code (IPC), requires plumbing vent pipes to extend vertically at least 152 mm (6 in.) above a roof, per Section 905.5, “Vent Connections and Grades.” Additionally, vent pipes must be at least 305 mm (12 in.) away from a vertical surface.
In some cases, a sanitary tee is used in place of a vent tee for plumbing vent lines—then, the branch sweeps upward instead. Sanitary tees are made for all types of drain-waste-vent pipe systems, whether cast iron, threaded, copper, or ABS plastic.