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Which of the following audit procedures consists of looking at a process or procedure being performed by others?
- Analytical procedures. Performing analytical procedures is one the most basic yet among the most powerful tools that auditors have at their disposal. …
- Confirmations. …
- Inquiry. …
- Inspecting records or documents. …
- Inspecting assets. …
- Observation. …
- Recalculation. …
Audit Procedures are a series of steps/processes/ methods applied by an auditor for obtaining sufficient audit evidence for forming an opinion on financial statements, whether they reflect the true and fair view of the organization’s financial position. It is mainly of two types – substantive and analytical procedures.
There are three main types of audits: external audits, internal audits, and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) audits. External audits are commonly performed by Certified Public Accounting (CPA) firms and result in an auditor’s opinion which is included in the audit report.
- External AUDIT. The external audit is performed by people who are not associated with your business in any way. …
- Internal audit. …
- IRS tax audit. …
- Financial audit. …
- Operational audit. …
- Compliance audit. …
- Information system audit. …
- Payroll audit.
Three types of analytical procedures commonly used by auditors are trend analysis, ratio analysis and reasonableness testing. a significant difference or threshold The auditor needs to determine a threshold that can be accepted without further investigation.
What are Substantive Procedures? Substantive procedures are intended to create evidence that an auditor assembles to support the assertion that there are no material misstatements in regard to the completeness, validity, and accuracy of the financial records of an entity.
Audit procedures consist of tests of control and substantive procedures; ‘audit procedure’ is the global term. AEIOU can be used for substantive procedures. EIOU can be used for tests of control. (You can’t use analytical procedures for tests of control.)
Control procedures are the use of standard and consistent procedures in giving directions and scoring data in a testing situation in order to control all but the variables being examined.
Audit procedures to obtain audit evidence can include inspection, observation, confirmation, recalculation, reperformance and analytical procedures, often in some combination, in addition to inquiry.
- Integrity. The foundation of professionalism.
- Fair Presentation. The obligation to report truthfully and accurately.
- Due Professional Care. The application of diligence and judgment in auditing.
- Confidentiality. …
- Independence. …
- Evidence-based approach. …
- Risk-based approach.
There are four types of audit reports: and unqualified opinion, a qualified opinion, and adverse opinion, and a disclaimer of opinion. An unqualified or “clean” opinion is the best type of report a business can get.
3 primary types of audits performed by CPAs are; (1) financial audit, (2) operational audit, and (3) compliance audit. The latter two services are often called audit activities, even though they are most similar to assurance and attestation services.
Auditing is the process of reviewing and confirming your financial reports. Audits verify that you’ve created accurate and reliable financial reports and that no fraudulent activities are happening within the business. There are three main types of audits: internal, external, and government or IRS audits.
- External Audit.
- Internal Audit.
- Forensic Audit.
- Public Sector Audit.
- Tax Audit.
- Information System Audit.
- Environmental & Social Audit.
- Compliance Audit.
There are four types of analytics, Descriptive, Diagnostic, Predictive, and Prescriptive.
- STEP 1: Develop an independent expectation. …
- STEP 2: Define a significant difference (or threshold) …
- STEP 3: Compute difference. …
- STEP 4: Investigate significant differences and draw conclusions.
Analytical procedures are used for the following purposes: To assist the auditor in planning the nature, timing, and extent of other auditing procedures. As a substantive test to obtain evidential matter about particular assertions related to account balances or classes of transactions.
The three types of substantive tests are analytical procedures, a test of details of transactions, and tests of details of balances.
Compliance Procedures are tests designed to obtain reasonable assurance that those internal controls on which audit reliance is to be placed are in effect.
- Issue a bank confirmation to test ending cash balances.
- Contact customers to confirm that accounts receivable balances are correct.
- Observe the period-end physical inventory count.
- Confirm the validity of inventory valuation calculations.
- Write it clearly. …
- Write down the reason for performing the audit procedure. …
- Use audit terminology.
- Confirm cash balances.
- Vouch reconciling items to the subsequent month’s bank statement.
- Ask if all bank accounts are included on the general ledger.
- Inspect final deposits and disbursements for proper cutoff.
There are five interrelated components of an internal control framework: control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication, and monitoring.
The control objectives include authorization, completeness, accuracy, validity, physical safeguards and security, error handling and segregation of duties.
There are three main types of internal controls: detective, preventative, and corrective. Controls are typically policies and procedures or technical safeguards that are implemented to prevent problems and protect the assets of an organization.
Observation consists of looking at a process or procedure being performed by others, e.g., the auditor’s observation of inventory counting by the company’s personnel or the performance of control activities.
Gathering evidence as part of an audit involves a mix of techniques that are used interchangeably: visual observation, examination of records, and employee interviews.
The seven internal control procedures are separation of duties, access controls, physical audits, standardized documentation, trial balances, periodic reconciliations, and approval authority.
Auditing is the verification of financial position as disclosed by the financial statements. It is an examination of accounts to ascertain whether the financial statements give a true and fair view financial position and profit or loss of the business.
The objective of an audit is to express an opinion on financial statements. The auditor has to verify the financial statements and books of accounts to certify the truth and fairness of the financial position and operating results of the business.
These basic elements are report title, introductory paragraph, scope paragraph, executive summary, opinion paragraph, auditor’s name and auditor’s signature.
There are three types of modified opinion (which are discussed below): an “adverse” opinion; a “disclaimer of opinion”; and. a “qualified opinion”.
- Opening or introductory paragraph.
- Scope paragraph.
- Opinion paragraph.
- Date of the report;
- Auditor’s address; and.
- Auditor’s signature.
Although every audit process is unique, the audit process is similar for most engagements and normally consists of four stages: Planning (sometimes called Survey or Preliminary Review), Fieldwork, Audit Report and Follow-up Review. Client involvement is critical at each stage of the audit process.
There are two main types of audit programs: Fixed Audit Program. Flexible Audit Program.
Audits are generally classified into two types: Statutory audits; and. Internal audits.
Test checking involves selecting a few transactions on the basis of auditor‟s judgment and examining them. Routine checking involves checking of books and records on regular basis. Generally, Auditor (Internal/external) etc.