Pyrithione zinc kills Malassezia and all other fungi, and is highly effective against the Malassezia species actually found on scalp.
Genus Malassezia is known to man for more than 150 yrs as a commensal and pathogen. Though not usually life threatening, causing only chronic recurring superficial mycoses in majorities, it is under the scanner for the spectrum of diseases it can cause, including the systemic infections.
The Malassezia (antigen) proteins are found in sweat and the disease is therefore triggered by sweating (sometimes referred to as sweat allergy) (Hiragun et al., 2013; Maarouf et al., 2018).
 If the disease is left untreated, it may cause complications like disfigurement of neck, face, trunk, etc., and may result in invasive infections. Recurrence rate of Malassezia in spite of treatment is about 60% in the first year and 80% in the second year.
In general, malassezia infections are treated with topical or oral antifungal agents, such as ketoconazole shampoo and oral fluconazole. Seborrhoeic dermatitis may also be treated with topical steroids.
Malassezia furfur is a commensal yeast of human skin that has correlates with several common skin conditions. Emerging evidence continually improves the understanding of this microorganism and the diseases it causes.
For a correct diagnosis of Malassezia furfur BSI, the blood should be culture in lipid-enriched fungal medium, and the BacT/Alert system implemented by adding lipid substrates to increase the method sensibility.
Unlike other yeasts that use sugars as their food source (Saccharomyces and Candida) Malassezia feeds on fats. Because Malassezia depends on fats rather than sugars and because it lives on the skin, NOT in the intestines, it is unaffected by sugars and carbohydrates that are consumed in the diet.
Malassezia folliculitis presents as small, uniform, itchy papules and pustules particularly on the upper back and chest. Other sites involved can include the forehead/hair line, chin, neck, and extensor aspect of the upper limbs.
Since topical antifungals and washes do not penetrate well into the hair follicle, first-line treatment is generally with oral antifungals. Improvement is expected within 1–2 months.
Malassezia is a type of naturally-occurring yeast that can cause inflammation and further damage to hair follicles if produced in excess and left untreated. Just like increased sebum production, increased Malassezia production can cause hair loss.
Some of the factors that seem to play a role in the overgrowth of the Malassezia yeast on your skin are the use of oral or topical antibiotics; stress and fatigue; oily skin, the yeast feeds on the oil, wearing of tight, synthetic clothing while sweating, yeast tends to grown in warm, humid environments; diabetes; …
Malassezia infection can also spread systemically, causing peritonitis and catheter-related fungemia.
Most scalp yeast infections can be treated with topical over-the-counter (OTC) treatments. These come in the form of ointments, shampoos, or foams. Research shows that antifungal drugs known as azoles, such as fluconazole (Diflucan), are very successful, as well as allylamines.
Candida species are the most common cause of fungal infection in immunocompromised persons. Malassezia yeast, although normal flora in most healthy individuals, cause a wide spectrum of superficial cutaneous disease, including tinea versicolor and Malassezia folliculitis.
- Tea tree oil. …
- Lemongrass oil. …
- Aloe vera gel. …
- Omega-3 fatty acids. …
- Aspirin. …
- Baking soda. …
- Zinc. …
- Coconut oil.
Malassezia yeasts have been found in human dandruff, deep-sea vents, and pretty much everywhere in between. The skin of most if not all warm-blooded animals is covered with these microbes, and while they mostly live in peaceful co-existence with their hosts, they can cause serious diseases in humans and other animals.
With this condition, the best course of treatment is antifungal drugs. Topical drugs and ointments like econazole and clotrimazole are often prescribed for a variety of fungal infections. These drugs, applied to malassezia folliculitis, can eliminate the fungus responsible for the irritation, clearing your symptoms.
Malassezia furfur is a unicellular organism which varies in size between 1.5–4.5 × 2.0–6.5 micrometers. The cells have a bottle-like shape due to a small protrusion visible at the end of each cell. Cells are difficult to grow in a lab since they require specific conditions.
Malassezia furfur is a dimorphic fungus that grows in yeast phase (unaffected skin) and also in mycelial phase (affected skin) . Bacteria and fungi are known to directly or indirectly influence each other’s growth and/or physiology, behavior and survival.
We all know that too much sugar is bad, although it can be delicious, and that it can lead to (or worsen) problems like seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis.
Too much caffeine impairs the immune system’s ability to fight off harmful invaders, which can result in being more susceptible to illness and infection, such as Candida.
Refined sugars, carbs and high-lactose dairy products can encourage Candida and other “bad” microorganisms to grow ( 24 ). Eating too many of these foods may promote infection if you have a suppressed immune system.
- Cutting back on unhelpful foods. As we’ve already seen, eating refined, high-sugar foods allows Candida to thrive. …
- Focusing on sleep, exercise, and stress reduction. …
- Using supplements. …
- Adding medication when needed.
Malassezia furfur is an anthropophilic fungus that belongs to the physiological skin flora. The fungus can grow in a yeast phase as well as in a mycelial phase; on nonaffected skin the fungus is mainly prevalent in the yeast phase.
Conclusion: Itraconazole was found to be more effective in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis compared to fluconazole with high cure and low relapse rate.
“People with seborrheic dermatitis should also wash their hair more. Although the flaking may make it look as though your scalp is dry, it’s actually not: It’s inflamed. Extra oil on the scalp actually makes seborrheic dermatitis worse, which is why people with this condition usually need to shampoo more frequently.”
Answer: Yes, I would suggest you stop coloring your hair if it does make your conditions worse, or speak with your stylist to see if you have any other options. Best skin care wishes.
Seborrheic dermatitis can be worse under mustaches and beards. Shampoo with 1 percent ketoconazole daily until your symptoms improve. Then switch to shampooing once a week. Or shaving might ease your symptoms.