In architecture, a cupola (/ˈkjuːpələ/) is a relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building. Often used to provide a lookout or to admit light and air, it usually crowns a larger roof or dome.
What is a loom in art? what is loom in textile.

What do you call a lookout on a house?

A lookout, lookout rafter or roof outlooker is a wooden joist that extends in cantilever out from the exterior wall (or wall plate) of a building, supporting the roof sheathing and providing a nailing surface for the fascia boards. When not exposed it serves to fasten the finish materials of the eaves.

What is the room at the top of a house called?

A garret is a room at the very top of a house, just underneath the roof. … Garret comes from the old French word guerite, which means “watchtower” or “sentry box.” These days, a garret has nothing to do with war; it simply means the little room at the very top of a building, which is also called an attic.

What do you call a tower on a house?

In architecture, a turret (from Italian: torretta, little tower; Latin: turris, tower) is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle. … Turrets were traditionally supported by a corbel.

What is the small tower like structure on the roof called?

A cupola is a decorative, small, projecting tower at the top of the roof of a building, often square, round or ocatagonal in shape.

What is a cupola on top of a house?

Cupolas are small, dome-like structures that sit on a building’s roof ridge and help define the structure’s centerline. Typically, the base is square, hexagon or octagon and is designed with windows or louvers (vents) on the sides.

What is the difference between a steeple and a cupola?

Is a Cupola a Steeple? Although a cupola may hold a bell, it is not large enough to hold many bells. A cupola is not as lofty as a steeple, nor is it a structural part of a building.

What is the little room on top of a roof called?

In architecture, a cupola (/ˈkjuːpələ/) is a relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building. Often used to provide a lookout or to admit light and air, it usually crowns a larger roof or dome.

Is a room at the top of the house?

We call a small room at the top of the house as “attic” and it is also referred as “loft”. … Hence the option for the given question will be attic or loft.

What is the function of a cupola?

Cupolas were originally designed to add natural light and ventilation to the area under a roof. They sit on the ridge of a roof and can be found in many shapes, including square, round, and octagonal. On barns, they’re meant to allow a continuous flow of air into the hayloft, helping to dry the hay.

What is roof above window called?

A dormer is a roofed structure, often containing a window, that projects vertically beyond the plane of a pitched roof.

What are windows in roofs called?

Skylights and rooflights are more general terms and are often interchanged. Skylights generally refer to windows fixed into the roof, similar to roof windows.

What is a roof pediment?

pediment, in architecture, triangular gable forming the end of the roof slope over a portico (the area, with a roof supported by columns, leading to the entrance of a building); or a similar form used decoratively over a doorway or window. The pediment was the crowning feature of the Greek temple front.

What is the difference between cupola and dome?

In architectural terms, domes are circular and have a rounded roof resembling the upper half of a sphere. … Conversely, cupolas are square or octagonal in shape and can often be found on top of domes, serving as belfries, lanterns, or look-outs – such as the cupola atop the dome of the U.S. Capitol building.

What do you call a conical roof?

Conical roofs, sometimes called a witch’s hat, cone roof, turret roof, dome roof, spires or vaults are often used to cover residential and tower shape structures. … They are frequently found on top of towers in medieval town fortifications, castles, and Victorian houses.

What is the top of a skyscraper called?

The part of a skyscraper that you see above the ground is known as the superstructure. Elevators are a must-have in a skyscraper. Imagine how long it would take to reach the 100th floor without travelling by elevator!

What is a cornice on a house?

In architecture, a cornice (from the Italian cornice meaning “ledge”) is generally any horizontal decorative moulding that crowns a building or furniture element—for example, the cornice over a door or window, around the top edge of a pedestal, or along the top of an interior wall.

What is Lung cupola?

Cupola sign is seen on a supine chest or abdominal radiograph in the presence of pneumoperitoneum. It refers to dependent air that rises within the abdominal cavity of the supine patient to accumulate underneath the central tendon of the diaphragm in the midline.

What is the difference between turret and cupola?

As nouns the difference between cupola and turret is that cupola is (architecture) a dome-shaped ornamental structure located on top of a larger roof or dome while turret is (label) a little tower, frequently a merely ornamental structure at one of the corners of a building or castle.

What style house has a cupola?

One common feature of barn style architecture is a cupola. Cupola comes from the Latin cupa meaning “cup”, which makes sense considering a cupola’s resemblance to an upside down cup. Throughout the years, cupolas have topped many different styles of architecture from classic barn style homes to ancient basilicas.

What is the difference between a steeple and a spire?

is that spire is or spire can be one of the sinuous foldings of a serpent or other reptile; a coil while steeple is a tall tower, often on a church, normally topped with a spire.

What is a synonym for steeple?

nountower; part of tower. bell tower. campanile. carillon. clocher.

What is a roof bulkhead?

1. A structure on the roof of a building covering a water tank, shaft, or service equipment. 2. A structure, as on a roof, covering a stairwell or other opening, to provide adequate headroom.

What is a dormer on a roof?

A dormer is the part of a roof that projects out vertically from the rest of the roof. Most dormers have windows, although false dormers may not have functional windows. Architects frequently add dormers to roofs to add beauty and architectural style. Dormers also add space and light to the inside of the home.

What is on top of a roof?

Roof Ridge: The roof ridge, or ridge of a roof is the horizontal line running the length of the roof where the two roof planes meet. This intersection creates the highest point on a roof, sometimes referred to as the peak. Hip and ridge shingles are specifically designed for this part of a roof.

What is a round room on a house called?

A rotunda (from Latin rotundus) is any building with a circular ground plan, and sometimes covered by a dome. It may also refer to a round room within a building (a famous example being the one below the dome of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.). … A band rotunda is a circular bandstand, usually with a dome.

What is the origin of the word cupola?

A cupola is a rounded structure on top of a building’s roof. … The word cupola is Italian, from the Late Latin root cupula, “a little tub,” a diminutive form of cupa, “cask or barrel.”

Where did the word cupola come from?

The History of Cupolas The word cupola is a derivative of the Latin word cupula, which itself is a derivative of the Greek word kupellon, both meaning “small cup”.

What is the rooster on top of a barn called?

No matter where you live or where you’ve traveled, a weathervane adorned with a rooster, also known as a weathercock, is a common sight — on barns, cupolas, steeples, and rooftops.

What is a window that sticks out called?

A bow window is comprised of a series of same-size casement and fixed-pane sash that are joined together to form a graceful arch or bow. As a result, the view out the window is practically panoramic. And although bow windows don’t jut out as far as bay windows, they do extend enough to form a cozy interior window seat.

What is an eyebrow dormer?

An eyebrow dormer, also known as a roof eyebrow, is a wavy dormer that protrudes through the slope of a roof. It contains a window that may be fixed or operable. … Construction is difficult, however, as most require tricky framing and roofing, as well as a custom-made sash.

What is the decorative piece above a window called?

In architecture, a transom is a transverse horizontal structural beam or bar, or a crosspiece separating a door from a window above it. This contrasts with a mullion, a vertical structural member. Transom or transom window is also the customary U.S. word used for a transom light, the window over this crosspiece.

What is a hip dormer?

On a hipped dormer, the roof slants back as it rises, and this occurs on the front as well as on the sides. Hipped dormers, not surprisingly, are often found on houses where the main roof is hipped as well. This style of dormer is common on houses in the Prairie, French Eclectic and Shingle styles.

What's the difference between a dormer and a gable?

The main difference between Gable and Dormer is that the Gable is a generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of a dual-pitched roof and Dormer is a structural element of a building. The Gable ends of newer buildings are treated the same way as the Classic pediment form.

What is the difference between a pediment and a gable?

is that pediment is (architecture) a classical architectural element consisting of a triangular section or gable found above the horizontal superstructure (entablature) which lies immediately upon the columns; fronton while gable is (architecture) the triangular area of external wall adjacent to two meeting sloped …

What does a pediment look like?

Pediments are gables, usually of a triangular shape. They are found in ancient Greek architecture as early as 600 BC (e.g. the archaic Temple of Artemis). … Pediments are placed above the horizontal structure of the lintel, or entablature, if supported by columns.

What is a segmental pediment?

A pediment above a door or window that takes the form of an arc of a circle.