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Lettuce is one of the most popular crops for home gardeners. … That said, lettuce is a cool-weather crop, and once the warm temperatures and long days of summer arrive, lettuce plants go to flower and set seed. Most gardeners rip out their lettuce plants when they bolt.
Produce a crop of lettuce seed – not recommended, as future generations from the seed may show an inherited tendency bolt and run to seed too quickly. … Or you can always eat the lettuce – it’s bound to be bitter and not the best tasting romaine around, but the leaves and even the tiny yellow flowers are still edible.
Lettuce seeds are extremely small. A single packet averages five hundred seeds, or each composite flower can produce 15-25 seeds. Having that many seeds allows you to plant little and often. Sow a row or small patch every 7 to 10 days throughout spring or fall.
Fun fact: Lettuce is part of the sunflower family Lettuce and sunflowers are part of the Asteraceae family, which is one of the most diverse and largest families of flowering plants. Many members of this family are grown as food crops, including lettuce.
How Long Does It Take Lettuce to Grow? Lettuce grows fairly quickly. Leaf varieties reach maturity in 30 days but can be harvested as soon as they reach the desired size. Other types of lettuce require 6 to 8 weeks to reach full harvest size.
Bolted lettuce can still be harvested and eaten, although the leaves will taste unpalatable and bitter if they are left on the plant too long, so it is best to pick the leaves as soon as possible after lettuce bolting and remove the plant entirely once all the edible leaves are removed.
Small, tender lettuce leaves are attractive to look at and delicious to eat, but when the plant goes to seed, it becomes gangly and unattractive as it bolts (sends up a flower stalk to produce seeds). The blooms resemble small dandelions and the plant becomes quite tall as if it’s reaching for the sun.
Head lettuce will die back, but most leaf-lettuce plants renew efforts to produce leaves, if regularly watered after trimming. Results will often be smaller than the original plant, but you may be able to harvest a second, good-tasting crop within as little as two weeks.
lettuce, (Lactuca sativa), annual leaf vegetable of the aster family (Asteraceae). Most lettuce varieties are eaten fresh and are commonly served as the base of green salads. Lettuce is generally a rich source of vitamins K and A, though the nutritional quality varies, depending on the variety.
Yes, bolting means “flowering and ready to set seed”. When it sends up that long flower stalk, it’s all done. As for “is it edible”: it will probably be bitter enough that you won’t want to eat it. Lettuce in summer is tricky — long days and heat makes it want to bolt.
Why Lettuce Has Flowers Cool season annual vegetables, such as spinach and lettuce, bolt when chilly spring days turn into warm spring days. Bolting lettuce plants become bitter and sharp in taste as they shoot towards the sky. … Lettuce bolt will occur when daytime temperatures go above 75 degrees F. (24 C.)
In general, the larger the seed, the smaller amount of seeds should be planted in the same hole or cell. These types of seeds take up more space and grow roots very quickly once germinated. Multiple seeds can still be planted together, but I recommend not planting more than two seeds per hole with these larger seeds.
- Ithaca Iceberg Lettuce. Photo credit: Pixabay. …
- Nevada Summer Crisp Lettuce. …
- Tom Thumb Butterhead Lettuce. …
- Parris Island Romaine Lettuce. …
- Coastline Summer Crisp Lettuce. …
- Ice Green Loose-Leaf Lettuce. …
- Flashy Butter Oak Lettuce. …
- Summer Bibb Butterhead Lettuce.
Lettuce, a type of leafy green, is one of the most commonly eaten veggies in the United States. Leafy greens can be either dark or light in color and include types such as spinach, romaine, kale, escarole, and endive. … For example, romaine has nine times more vitamin A than iceberg lettuce.
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds.
Spinach is a leafy vegetable grown since ancient times. Spinach produces rosettes of leaves. The cartoon character Popeye attributed his great strength to eating spinach — maybe justifiably, since this leafy vegetable has a very high iron content. … The leaves may be eaten fresh or cooked.
Lettuce is a cool weather crop and is best grown in spring and fall. The seeds germinate in temperatures as low as 40 F (4 C) but its ideal germination and growing temperature is between 60 and 65 F (16 to 18 C).
Some of the fastest growing lettuce varieties include: Flashy Trout Back, Buttercrunch, Jericho, Green Saladbowl, Red Sails, Clearwater, Deer Tongue, Waldmann’s Dark Green, Tambay, Alboreto, Powerhouse, and Little Gem. All of these lettuce varieties will be ready for harvest in less than 6 weeks from planting.
You can grow lettuce throughout the summer without bolting with a little knowledge and a tiny bit of preparation. Imagine serving your own fresh-harvested, garden-grown lettuce throughout the summer!
Red leaf lettuces naturally produce a pigment within the leaves called anthocyanin. Anthocyanin is a healthy antioxidant that helps combat free radicals in the body. This same pigment causes leaves to turn red in autumn and produces the purple in vegetables like kohlrabi and purple broccoli.
Cut the outer lettuce leaves about 1 inch above the crown. This protects the crown so the lettuce can continue growing. Cut off the amount of lettuce needed when the leaves reach a length between 3 and 6 inches. Water the lettuce regularly to encourage continued growth even after you begin harvesting.
Lettuce doesn’t need full sun; in fact, it’ll perform better if you give it indirect light and cool shade. Plant summer lettuce underneath tall plants or arbors, or make your own shade structure. Some gardeners keep their lettuce in container gardens, which can be moved to shady spots in warm months.
Yes, lettuce leaves will grow back after cutting but only if proper care and technique are used when cutting as all vegetable lettuce follow similar annual vegetable growth cycles.
- 1) Grow bolt tolerant cultivars. Certain varieties of lettuce, spinach, radicchio, cabbage, and other bolt-prone crops have been selected or bred to be more resistant to bolting. …
- 2) Give lettuce some shade. Less light means lower temperatures and often more moisture. …
- 3) Water and mulch.
Plenty of common edibles are excellent self-seeders – arugula, Oriental leaves such as mustard, lettuce and radishes all readily self-seed. Herbs such as chamomile, cilantro and dill will flower and self-seed easily.
Cucumber seeds and skin are edible, though you may not always want to use them. … Although you can find cucumbers at your market year-round, the peak season is from May through August.
In the spring, begin setting out lettuce plants about a month before the last frost. Lettuce grows best within a temperature range from 45 to about 80 degrees. Hot weather makes it bitter; extreme cold freezes it. When well rooted, some Bibb types such as Buttercrunch will tolerate a surprising amount of frost.
Cabbage and certain types of lettuce may look alike, but these vegetables have major differences. To start, cabbage and lettuce are entirely different vegetables. They also have distinct nutritional profiles, flavors, textures, and culinary uses.
A vegetable is the edible portion of a plant. Vegetables are usually grouped according to the portion of the plant that is eaten such as leaves (lettuce), stem (celery), roots (carrot), tubers (potato), bulbs (onion) and flowers (broccoli). A fruit is the mature ovary of a plant.
Although lettuce is known for its use in salads, it can be eaten in a variety of ways. To enjoy the health benefits of lettuce, try it in: Wraps. Sandwiches.
Can you freeze lettuce? Not if you want to make tossed salad with the thawed out product. But for cooking and flavoring uses, yes, you can freeze lettuce. The reason you won’t be able to use the frozen lettuce to make salads is because the freezing process causes ice crystals to form in plant cells.