Perpendicular was the prevailing style of Late Gothic architecture in England from the 14th century to the 17th century. … Perpendicular tracery is characterized by mullions that rise vertically as far as the soffit of the window, with horizontal transoms frequently decorated with miniature crenellations.
What is perpendicular lines in geometry? example of perpendicular lines.


What is Perpendicular style in architecture?

Perpendicular was the prevailing style of Late Gothic architecture in England from the 14th century to the 17th century. … Perpendicular tracery is characterized by mullions that rise vertically as far as the soffit of the window, with horizontal transoms frequently decorated with miniature crenellations.

Which building is an example of the Perpendicular style?

Some of the best examples of Perpendicular style include Bath Abbey, Kings College Chapel in Cambridge, and the nave of Winchester Cathedral.

Why is it called perpendicular Gothic?

The Gothic style gradually spread throughout Europe and in some locations, variations developed. In England from the 14th through the early 16th century, one of these variations became known as Perpendicular Gothic because it emphasized strong vertical lines in many architectural elements.

What is the Rayonnant style?

Rayonnant style, French building style (13th century) that represents the height of Gothic architecture. During this period architects became less interested in achieving great size than in decoration, which took such forms as pinnacles, moldings, and especially window tracery.

Which of the following is considered a masterpiece of the Rayonnant style?

Which of the following is considered a masterpiece of the Rayonnant style? Jeanne d’Evreux, wife to Charles IV, donated a statue of the Virgin and Child to the Abbey of St. Denis.

What is perpendicular lines in geometry?

Perpendicular lines are lines that intersect at a right (90 degrees) angle.

In what way does the Gloucester Cathedral exemplify the Perpendicular Gothic style?

Gloucester Cathedral: The Gloucester Cathedral exemplifies the Perpendicular Gothic Period. The interior conveys an impression of a “cage” of stone and glass, typical of the period. The walls and windows are sharper and less flamboyant than those of the earlier style.

What is a tracery window?

Tracery is an architectural device by which windows (or screens, panels, and vaults) are divided into sections of various proportions by stone bars or ribs of moulding. … However, instead of a slab, the windows were defined by moulded stone mullions, which were lighter and allowed for more openings and intricate designs.

What is High Victorian Gothic architecture?

High Victorian Gothic was an eclectic architectural style and movement during the mid-late 19th century. … The architectural scholar James Stevens Curl describes it thus: “Style of the somewhat harsh polychrome structures of the Gothic Revival in the 1850s and 1860s when Ruskin held sway as the arbiter of taste.

What is the meaning of the rose window?

noun. A generic term applied to a circular window, but especially used for those found in churches of the Gothic architectural style and divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery.

What is the flamboyant style?

Flamboyant style, phase of late Gothic architecture in 15th-century France and Spain. It evolved out of the Rayonnant style’s increasing emphasis on decoration. Its most conspicuous feature is the dominance in stone window tracery of a flamelike S-shaped curve.

What are the main differences between French and English Gothic designs?

While French Gothic Cathedrals were built to be increasingly tall, English Gothic Cathedrals tended to emphasize the length of the building rather than the height.

Is Notre Dame Rayonnant?

The new designs, applied to the windows at Reims Cathedral (1211-75) and Amiens Cathedral (1220-70), marked the beginning of an innovation in the Gothic style that is called rayonnant on the basis of the radiating design of the piercing of the rose windows. … (See also Notre-Dame Cathedral Paris 1163-1345.)

What is a glazed Triforium?

A triforium is an interior gallery, opening onto the tall central space of a building at an upper level. … The outer wall of the triforium may itself have windows (glazed or unglazed openings), or it may be solid stone. A narrow triforium may also be called a “blind-storey”, and looks like a row of window frames.

What is meant by Rayonnant Gothic?

In French Gothic architecture, Rayonnant (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɛjɔnɑ̃]) is the period from about the mid-13th century to mid-14th century. … The use of tracery gradually spread from the stained glass windows to areas of stonework, and to architectural features such as gables.

What is the subject matter of Byzantine Romanesque and Gothic art?

The subject matter of monumental Byzantine art was primarily religious and imperial: the two themes are often combined, as in the portraits of later Byzantine emperors that decorated the interior of the sixth-century church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.

What is a Triforium in architecture?

triforium, in architecture, space in a church above the nave arcade, below the clerestory, and extending over the vaults, or ceilings, of the side aisles. … By the end of the 13th century the triforium was usually replaced by greatly heightened clerestory windows.

Does the cathedral at Chartres contain the mantle of the Virgin Mary?

Fire and reconstruction (1194–1260) The cathedral was already known throughout Europe as a pilgrimage destination, due to the reputed relics of the Virgin Mary that it contained. A legate of the Pope happened to be in Chartres at the time of the fire, and spread the word.

What is perpendicular example?

Perpendicular – Definition with Examples Two distinct lines intersecting each other at 90° or a right angle are called perpendicular lines. Example: Here, AB is perpendicular to XY because AB and XY intersect each other at 90°.

What illustrates perpendicular?

If two lines meet or intersect at a point to form a right angle, they are called perpendicular lines. … In the above figure, AB and AC are perpendicular lines. ∠CAB = 90°. We use the symbol ⊥ to represent perpendicular lines.

How do you find perpendicular?

Perpendicular lines have opposite-reciprocal slopes, so the slope of the line we want to find is 1/2. Plugging in the point given into the equation y = 1/2x + b and solving for b, we get b = 6. Thus, the equation of the line is y = ½x + 6. Rearranged, it is –x/2 + y = 6.

What are the main features of Romanesque pilgrimage churches?

Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing …

Why was the Basilica of Saint Denis built?

The desire of many aristocrats to be buried close to Saint Denis led to the expansion of the basilica in the 6th and 7th centuries. In the 8th century, on the occasion of his coronation, Pepin the Short decided to rebuild the building in the manner of a Roman basilica.

What are Gothic windows called?

Rose window is often used as a generic term applied to a circular window, but is especially used for those found in Gothic cathedrals and churches. … Rose windows are also called “Catherine windows” after Saint Catherine of Alexandria, who was sentenced to be executed on a spiked breaking wheel.

What is a Gothic window?

rose window, also called wheel window, in Gothic architecture, decorated circular window, often glazed with stained glass. Scattered examples of decorated circular windows existed in the Romanesque period (Santa Maria in Pomposa, Italy, 10th century).

What is a Westwork in architecture?

westwork (from German Westwerk): An entrance area at the west end of a church with upper chamber and usually with a tower or towers. It is normally broader than the width of the nave and aisles.

Is Victorian and Gothic the same?

Gothic design is best showcased in institutional buildings and churches with impressive peaked roofs, arches and elements that were inspired by medieval Europe. Victorian homes, in contrast, were shorter and emphasized curved, horizontal lines and lighter materials.

What features Characterise high Victorian architecture?

  • Steeply pitched roofs.
  • Plain or colorfully painted brick.
  • Ornate gables.
  • Painted iron railings.
  • Churchlike rooftop finials.
  • Sliding sash and canted bay windows.
  • Octagonal or round towers and turrets to draw the eye upward.
  • Two to three stories.
What is romantic goth?

Romantic goth is a goth style influenced by the fashion of the Romantic Era (1800-1850) as well as modern goth styles. Romantic Goth is seen as a relatively lighter, happier form of Goth, with an emphasis on romance and expressing themselves through art.

What's the flying buttress meaning?

flying buttress, masonry structure typically consisting of an inclined bar carried on a half arch that extends (“flies”) from the upper part of a wall to a pier some distance away and carries the thrust of a roof or vault.

Why are they called flying buttresses?

Definition of a Flying Buttress Flying buttresses get their name because they buttress, or support from the side, a building while having a part of the actual buttress open to the ground, hence the term ‘flying.

Why are church windows pointed?

Historically, they appear in Catholic and Protestant churches equally, although in modern church architecture they are generally restricted to Catholic structures. Their purpose is to provide light to the aisles, which are out of the range of clerestory window light.

What does a lancet window look like?

Lancet windows are tall, narrow windows that end in a tight acute angle, and they resemble the pointed end of a spear.

What is a compound pier in architecture?

compound pier, in Romanesque and Gothic architecture, feature of a nave arcade designed for the support of arches and to bring arch and pier into harmony. The forerunner of the Gothic clustered column, it is cross-shaped in section, with shafts placed in the recesses.

What does gothic architecture look like?

The Gothic style evolved from Romanesque architecture, a medieval aesthetic characterized by arches, vaulted ceilings, and small stained glass windows. … To construct taller, more delicate buildings with thinner walls, Gothic architects employed flying buttresses for support.

What is a lancet window quizlet?

What is a lancet window? A tall narrow window with a pointed arch at the top.

How does Salisbury Cathedral differ from most of the French Gothic cathedrals?

How does Salisbury Cathedral differ from most of the French Gothic Cathedrals? The use of horizontal emphasis and the lancet windows instead of the rose windows.

What are the major differences between French Romanesque and French Gothic church architecture?

Romanesque buildings used rounded arches, while Gothic structures favored pointed arches. As a result of these structural differences, Romanesque interiors feel heavy and earthbound, while Gothic interiors are expansive and light-filled.

Who coined the term Gothic?

Who of the following coined the term “Gothic”? Giorgio Vasari. The focus of both the intellectual and religious life changed from monasteries in the countryside and pilgrimage churches to cathedrals in expanding cities. Which of the following would account for this change? It was time of great prosperity.

When was the Gothic period in England?

English Gothic is an architectural style that flourished from the late 12th until the mid-17th century. The style was most prominently used in the construction of cathedrals and churches.