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Coastal plains form significant terrain connecting large bodies of water with inland regions. Some of the better known examples of plains include the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains of North America and the inland coastal plain of Israel and the Mediterranean Sea.
The coast, also known as the coastline or seashore, is defined as the area where land meets the ocean, or as a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
|Length of coastline||7516.6 km Mainland: 5422.6 km Island Territories: 2094 km|
|Total number of coastal districts||66 coastal districts in mainland India; 3 in Andaman & Nicobar and 1 in Lakshadweep|
|Coastal Geomorphology (Mainland)|
|Sandy Beach||43 %|
A coastline is the area where land meets the sea or the ocean.
Chapter-2. The Coastal Plains. A coastal plain is a flat, low-lying piece of land next to the ocean. To the east and west of the peninsular plateau, 2 narrow strips of plain lands are found, which are respectively called Eastern Coastal Plain and Western Coastal Plain.
Coastal land is used for human settlement, agriculture, trade, industry and amenity. The coastal sea presents problems related to transport, fishing, dumping, mining, etc., stemming from an intensification and diversification of ocean uses.
|Characteristic||Length in kilometers|
India has a total coastline of 7516.6 km, out of which mainland coastline consists of 6100 km and islands’ coastline consists of 1197 km. Indian coastline touches nine states and four union territories. The nine states are Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal.
Coastline: Canada’s coastline is the world’s longest, measuring 243,042 km (includes the mainland coast and the coasts of offshore islands). This compares with Indonesia (54,716 km), Russia (37,653 km), the United States (19,924 km) and China (14,500 km).
So how big is the coast? It depends who you ask. According to the US Census (which compiles geographical data from multiple government agencies), the general coastline of the entire US is 12,383 miles, while the shoreline is 88,633 miles.
Fractal Coastlines. Coastlines are fractals, and we’ll explore the approximate self-similarity of the coastline of Britain in the sequence of images below. … Most coastlines are self-similar, that is they show he same kind of detail at different scales. This is one of the characteristics of fractals.
NOAA’s official value for the total length of the U.S. shoreline is 95,471 miles.
India has nine coastal states. These are– Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal.
|Rivers in the Western Coast (Arabian Sea)||Rivers in the Eastern Coast (Bay of Bengal|
|Sabarmati Mahi Narmada Tapi Periyar||Godavari Mahanadi Krishna Kaveri|
A coastal plain is flat, low-lying land adjacent to a sea coast. … The Coastal Plains of India lie on either side of the Deccan Plateau, along the western and eastern coasts of India. They extend for about 6,150 km from the Rann of Kutch in the west to West Bengal in the east.
A coast is a strip of land that meets an ocean or sea. … Coasts have many different features, such as caves and cliffs, beaches and mudflats. Tides, waves, and water currents (flow) shape the land to form these coastal features.
Land uses in coastal areas include tourism, industry, fishing, trade and transport. There are many different groups of people who have an interest in how coastal areas are managed. These include: developers.
In general, coastal zones include the splash zone, the high intertidal zone, the low intertidal zone, and the low tide zone. Coastal zones are extremely sensitive to environmental perturbations. The various zones are defined by the physical components within the zone.
State with smallest Coastline – West BengalCoastal length157.5 Km6 PortsKolkata port, Haldia port, Kulpi port, Farakka port, Sagar port, Tajpur port3 Coastal districtsCoastal districts from north to south are – North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Purba Medinipur
Largest StateRajasthan342,239 Sq kmSmallest StateGoa3,702 Sq kmLargest Union TerritoryAndaman & Nicobar Islands8,249 Sq kmSmallest Union TerritoryLakshadweep32 Sq kmLargest DistrictKachchh (Gujarat)45,652 Sq km
Gujarat is strategically located with largest share in India’s coastline, followed by Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Over 22.6% of total coasts of India are of islands (Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep and Diu islands).
It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi). India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi).
The coastline of Gujarat is 992 miles (1,596 km) long, and no part of the state is more than 100 miles (160 km) from the sea.
The coastline of China stretches 14,500 kilometres from the Bohai Sea down to the Gulf of Tonkin. China’s coastal region covers 13% of the county’s total area. It is densely populated, with 44% of China’s population inhabiting the coast.
Three countries are landlocked by a single country (enclaved countries): Lesotho, a state surrounded by South Africa. San Marino, a state surrounded by Italy. Vatican City, a state surrounded by Italy.
There are about 620,000 kilometers (372,000 miles) of coastline. Over one-third of the total human population, nearly 2.4 billion people, lives within 100 km (60 miles) of an oceanic coast, a fact emphasized by the devastating tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004.
RankCountry NameCharacter Count1The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland562Independent and Sovereign Republic of Kiribati463Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe454The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia41
The term coastline and shoreline are both boundary lines between water and land. The term coastline is generally used to describe the approximate boundaries at relatively large spatial scales. Shoreline is used to describe the precise location of the boundary between land and water.
CHINA’S coastline is approximately 32,000 km long, 18,400 km of which encompass the mainland from the Yalu River at the China-Korea border to the China-Vietnam border. there are more than 6000. Both the sediment and water discharge of the major rivers dominate the evolution of China’s coastline.
The coastline of Great Britain, including islands, is 31,368km, according to OS, with the mainland making up 17,819km. Other institutions have the figure lower – the CIA Factbook says 12,429km and the World Resources Institute says 19,717km. Either way, it’s more than most but not as much as Canada (265,523km). 3.
Pakistan’s coastline is about 990 km long, bifurcated in two parts, Sindh Coast (270 km) and Makran Coast (720 km). The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Pakistan covers an area of about 240,000 sq. km. The maritime zone of Pakistan, including the continental shelf, extends up to 350 nautical miles from the coastline.
The Coast Ranges of California span 400 miles (644 km) from Del Norte or Humboldt County, California, south to Santa Barbara County. The other three coastal California mountain ranges are the Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges and the Klamath Mountains.
Located in the Western Hemisphere on the continent of North America, the United States is the fourth-largest country in the world. Its total area, including Alaska and Hawaii, is 9,629,091 sq km (3,717,813 sq mi). The conterminous United States extends 4,662 km (2,897 mi) ENE — WSW and 4,583 km (2,848 mi) SSE – NNW .
Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. It sits on Salsette Island (Sashti Island), which it partially shares with the Thane district. Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west.