Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.
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What are the 8 rules for commas?

  • Use a comma to separate independent clauses. …
  • Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. …
  • Use a comma between all items in a series. …
  • Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. …
  • Use a comma to set off appositives. …
  • Use a comma to indicate direct address. …
  • Use commas to set off direct quotations.
What are the 5 Rules of commas?

  • Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. …
  • Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause. …
  • Use a comma to separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor or, so, yet) …
  • Use a comma to separate items in a series.
What are the 6 rules of commas?

  • Put a comma before for, and, not, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS), when they connect two. …
  • Put a comma after an introductory expression that doesn’t flow smoothly into the. …
  • Put a comma between items in a series. …
  • Put commas around an expression that interrupts the flow of the sentence (such as.
What are the 3 comma rules?

  • Use a comma between items in a series or list.
  • Use a comma between two independent clauses separated by a conjunction.
  • Use a comma between two adjectives preceding a noun.
  • Your Mission.
What are the 13 comma rules?

  • Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. …
  • Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. …
  • Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence.
What are the 4 types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas. A listing comma can always be replaced by the word and or or: Vanessa seems to live on eggs, pasta and aubergines.

What are the 10 rules for commas?

  • Rule #1: Use Commas to Separate Items in a List. …
  • Rule #2: Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. …
  • Rule #3: Use a Comma Before a Quotation. …
  • Rule #4: Use a Comma to Separate a Dependent Clause That Comes BEFORE the Independent Clause.
Can you use 3 commas in a sentence?

If you have sentences like, “Bob walked, to, the store, slowly” then yes, there are too many commas. But a sentence that contains a list could legitimately have many commas. Like, “He found a bottle, three coins, two keys, a small metal box, a pack of matches, some scraps of paper, and a patridge in a pear tree.”

What are periods and commas?

A period and a comma are two little punctuation marks. … A comma means to pause while a period… a period means it’s over. A comma is used to give space while a period… a period says there is no more space to give because the end has come.

What are commas examples?

Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

Is the Oxford comma?

An Oxford, or serial, comma is the last comma in a list; it goes before the word “and.” Technically, it’s grammatically optional in American English. However, depending on the list you are writing out, omitting it can lead to some confusion.

How do you use commas in 6th grade?

Use a comma to separate independent clauses (sentences) joined together with a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS). She wanted her students to master comma usage, so she gave them lots of examples and opportunities to practice. Use a comma to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses in a list.

Can you use 2 commas in a sentence?

Last but not least, use a comma to separate three or more items. You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series.

Should I put comma before and?

The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it. The proper place for the comma is before the conjunction. … Therefore, we need a comma before and. Don’t use a comma before and when one of the clauses it’s connecting is a dependent clause.

How do you use commas in a name?

The rule is – either have the commas both before and after a name, or don’t add it at all. This is because the sentence is talking about a particular person John. The addition of commas gives extra emphasis to the name. My friend John, who is a better painter than me, can do the walls for your home.

What are the 11 comma rules?

Use a comma when two sentences are joined with and, or, but, or nor. When two complete sentences are joined with and, or, but, or nor, place a comma before the and, or, but, or nor. A sentence that has two or more verbs but does not have two complete sentences does not require a comma.

Does in 2020 need a comma?

Use of Commas in Dates Including the Month, Date, and Year When writing dates that include the month, date, and year, use commas after dates but not after months: Correct: We realized we were in love on March 16, 1992.

Should there be a comma after in 2021?

If we precede a date or time, including a year, with a preposition at the beginning of a sentence, a comma is necessary after the date.

What does a comma look like?

The comma , is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages. … It has the same shape as an apostrophe or single closing quotation mark (‘) in many typefaces, but it differs from them in being placed on the baseline of the text.

What is comma called?

Punctuation is the name for marks used in writing text. They are to help understanding and the correct reading. These are some common punctuation marks used in English: . is a period or full stop. , is a comma.

How do you use commas UK?

  1. Commas are used to separate some types of clauses in a sentence.
  2. Subordinate clauses add extra detail to the main idea in a sentence and need a comma.
  3. Independent clauses that are joined by coordinating conjunctions – and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet – also need a comma before the conjunction.
What is the first comma rule?

COMMA RULE #1 – THE COMMA IN A SERIES: Use commas to separate items in a series. What is a ”series”? A “series” is a list of 3 or more items, the last two of which are joined by and, or, or nor.

What does double comma mean?

It’s a double comma. It means, pause in this sentence double time, but don’t totally stop reading because something important is coming up.

How many commas is too many?

There’s never too many commas as long as you use them correctly. It may not sound as nice, but you theoretically could use as many commas in a sentence as you want.

What is the Oxford comma rule?

The Oxford (or serial) comma is the final comma in a list of things. For example: Please bring me a pencil, eraser, and notebook. The Oxford comma comes right after eraser. Use of the Oxford comma is stylistic, meaning that some style guides demand its use while others don’t.

Where do we use period?

A period is a small dot-shaped punctuation mark that is used at the end of any sentence that is intended to make a statement. As with other punctuation marks that end sentences, the period should be placed directly behind the last letter of the last word of the sentence.

How do you know when to use a comma or semicolon?

Use semicolons to replace commas when individual items in a series are long or contain commas. Use a semicolon instead of a comma to separate the items.

Do simple sentences commas?

Simple sentences A simple sentence contains only one independent clause and no dependent clauses. When a simple sentence contains a conjunction, you might be tempted to insert a comma before the conjunction, as you do with a compound sentence. With a simple sentence, however, the general rule is to omit the comma.

Do I need a comma?

Commas don’t just signify pauses in a sentence — precise rules govern when to use this punctuation mark. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives. The Oxford comma reduces ambiguity in lists.

What is AM Dash?

The em dash (—) sets off a word or clause and adds emphasis. Or, it can signal an interruption (see our article on interrupting sentences for more on that!) or amplification (“expanding”) of an idea. It’s also the longest of the dashes (e.g., hyphen, en dash).

Which city lends its name to comma?

It’s known as the Oxford comma because it was traditionally used by printers, readers, and editors at Oxford University Press.

Does a semicolon mean or?

Most commonly, the semicolon is used between two independent clauses (i.e., clauses that could stand alone as separate sentences) when a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) is omitted.

What are subordinating conjunctions?

A conjunction is a word, or words, used to connect two clauses together. Words such as: ‘although’, ‘because’ or ‘when’ . A subordinating conjunction is simply the word/words that is used to join a subordinating clause to another clause or sentence. …

Is there comma after Please note?

A comma is correct in your example, but I’d say ‘Please note that we will…’ A comma is optional before ‘but’ in your second sentence.