Pine trees are prolific around southern California and provide not only year-round foliage, but interesting cones and plenty of shade in this sometimes warm climate. The tree produces small cones with prickly scales and foliage is green in southern California and bluish in the northern part of the state.
Pinus sabiniana (sometimes spelled P. sabineana), with vernacular names including towani pine, foothill pine, gray pine, and digger pine, is a pine endemic to California in the United States.
- If the mature needles are no more than 1.5″ long, then: …
- Otherwise, if the needles are over 7″ long: the rare Torrey pine (P. …
- Otherwise, the needles are 1.5″ to 7″ long.
It grows along the coast, foothills of the Sierras and into the mountains, in dry and open meadows, prairies and forest clearings. It is a member of several plant communities, including coastal sage scrub, chaparral, northern coastal scrub, foothill woodland, and yellow pine forest.
Twenty (18 depending on latest reference) of the more than 100 species of Pinus on earth. All of these pines are native to the state of California. 1. Monterey Pine (P.
Ponderosa Pines are easily recognized by their tall, straight, thick trunks, clad in scaled, rusty-orange bark that has split into big plates. … Ponderosa Pine bark smells like vanilla or butterscotch. The 4-8 inch long evergreen needles, thick and flexible, three to a bundle, droop gracefully from their branches.
Mugo Pines These are dwarf pine trees and generally grow to be 3 to 5 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Their roots go deep, except in places where the soil is poorly drained. If the mugo pines have a complaint, soil that doesn’t drain well would be the only one.
- Jacaranda. The Jacaranda tree is native to Central and South America as well as the Caribbean. …
- Catalina Cherry Tree. This medium-sized tree is native to California. …
- Velvet Ash. The Velvet Ash is a medium sized tree. …
- Box Elder. …
- Western Redbud.
Which evergreens grow the fastest? Eastern white pine and green giant arborvitae are some of the fastest-growing evergreens. Each add on about 2 feet every year!
Ponderosa usually has three needles per bunch, sometimes two. Pine tree species, such as Ponderosa, Lodgepole, Jeffery, Western and Eastern White, and Sugar Pine, have all long been used medicinally.
“The Jeffrey pine very closely resembles the ponderosa pine but is a distinct species chemically, ecologically, and physiologically,” says the “Sierra Nevada Natural History” guide. … The needles are thicker and duller than the ponderosa, and its cones larger and heavier with inward facing scale tips.
Pine Tree Identification Pine trees can be identified by their needle-like leaves, seed-bearing cones, and reddish-brown or gray bark. Another identifying feature of pine trees is their egg-shaped cones that hang down from branches. Some types of pines can have large woody cones with scales that are long and straight.
The Monterey pine (Pinus radiata), native to the central coast of California, is one of the most widely planted pine species in the world. This tree experiences a rapid growth rate of over 36 inches per year, reaching heights of 100 feet.
|Tree Species Associated With Ponderosa Pine in California|
|Jeffrey pine||(Pinus jeffreyi)|
|sugar pine||(Pinus lambertiana)|
The needles of pines are borne in bundles (or fascicles). … Distribution: Western White Pine is native to southern British Columbia, western Washington, northern Idaho, western Montana, the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and the Sierras of California.
White pine has five needles per bundle, while red and jack pines have two needles.
Gray Pine (Pinus sbiniana) The tree is found in low foothills of the California mountains, but it is rarely planted in landscape applications. The gray pine has several other common names—foothill pine, California foothill pine, bull pine, and digger pine. This species has three needles per bundle.
The needles of some pine trees, such as ponderosa pine, and other evergreens that are not actually pines, such as Norfolk Island pine, may be toxic to humans, livestock and other animals.
Spruce trees and shrubs are classified in the genus Picea, which includes 35 species. It’s considered part of the Pinaceae family, along with pines, firs, cedars, hemlocks, larches, and a few other species. A spruce tree can be identified simply by examining its needles.
Sugar pines are the tallest and biggest of the pine tree clan, second only to the giant sequoia in sheer bulk. These pine trees can grow to 200 feet (60 m.) tall with a trunk diameter of 5 feet (1.5 m.), and live past 500 years. Sugar pines bear three-sided needles, about 2 inches (5 cm.) long, in clusters of five.
When I checked out Jeffrey Pine on the Internet I found yet another difference between it and Ponderosa Pine: Ponderosas smell of pine resin the way a pine is supposed to, but Jeffrey Pines have a scent variously described as reminiscent of vanilla, lemon, pineapple, violets, or apples.
- Pinus mugo ‘Mops’ (mugo pine) is an evergreen dwarf tree and it’s suited to even the smallest garden.
- Euonymus japonicus ‘Microphyllus’ is a great small evergreen for a small yard.
- Hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) ‘Nana_Gracilis’ is a beautiful compact evergreen that makes an excellent addition to the landscape.
Pines are lovely yard trees, providing shade and privacy for your property and a home for many species of wildlife. The primary goal when maintaining a yard full of pines is to strengthen their root systems and prevent weakness.
Black Pine is an evergreen, gymnosperm tree that grows 20-50′ tall. It has a flat-topped pyramidal form with no prominent central leader. As it ages, it will be irregular and asymmetrical, with a spreading crown with pendulous branches. This specimen is noted for its silky whitish candle-like terminal buds.
Jacarandas, with their beautiful blossoms in a distinctive purple color, were an easy sell, and in the 1920s and ’30s they were planted extensively in Los Angeles and Santa Barbara.
Gardening – Italian cypress. Tall, columnar evergreen tree. JUDITH SIMS, This is arguably the most misused tree in Southern California.
- Acacia baileyana (Bailey acacia) Evergreen. …
- Betula pendula (European white birch) Deciduous. …
- Cercis candensis (Eastern redbud) …
- Corymbia ficifolia (Red flowering gum) …
- Eucalyptus globulus (Blue gum eucalyptus) …
- Fraxinus uhdei (Evergreen ash) …
- Jacaranda mimosifolia (Jacaranda) …
- Lyonothamnus floribunda (Catalina ironwood)
In many areas, planting between December and March is safe as long as the seedling won’t endure freezing conditions. February and March are often the best months. In colder climates, you might need to wait until April or May.
The average evergreen pine takes over about 11 years to grow to 6 feet and requires repeated shearing to keep its picturesque look. Once a crop is prepped for market, they’ll sell out in a matter of weeks.
How Long Do Pine Trees Take To Reach Maturity? Like you might have guessed, just how long it will take a pine tree to reach maturity really depends on the variety of pine tree you’re growing. However, by 25 to 30 years old, most pine trees are considered mature enough to be harvested for their wood.
There are some that are poisonous or toxic. Those you want to avoid include Lodgepole Pine, Monterey Pine, Ponderosa Pine, Norfolk Pine (Australian Pine), Loblolly Pine, Common Juniper, and although not a pine, Yew. Keep in mind that all pine trees are conifers, but not all conifers are pine.
Never boil your pine needle tea. Boiling tends to break down vitamin C and release terpenes that make the tea more bitter. … Let your pine needle tea steep for about 20 minutes, or until the needles sink to the bottom of your pot or cup. At this point, you can strain the needles out or leave them in while you drink.
The Eastern White Pine makes a great tea, but any variety of pine, spruce, or hemlock tree can be used. Avoid using needles from any Cypress or Yew tree as they can be toxic.
Pines such as Ponderosa pine, Jeffrey pine, Sugar pine, Coulter pine, Lodgepole pine, Single-leaf pinyon, and Knobcone pine all thrive here. Other coniferous trees such as White Fir, Bigcone Douglas-fir, Incense Cedar, and Western Juniper also thrive here.
Pine trees are one of the biggest contributors to air pollution. They give off gases that react with airborne chemicals — many of which are produced by human activity — creating tiny, invisible particles that muddy the air. … The air that we breathe is chock-full of particles called aerosols.
Several forest products may be gathered without a permit—pine cones, mushrooms, fruits and nuts—in small quantities and for personal use only. A permit is required to gather or collect any forest product in bulk or for commercial purposes.
Are all conifers pine trees? No, there are spruce and fir and cypress and redwoods and dozens more. However, the pine family is the largest family within conifers, and both spruces and firs are members of the pine family (Pinaceae) so for most of us, many of the conifers with which we are most familiar, are pines!
- Slash. The slash pine (P. elliotti) tolerates wet soil, as long as it’s well-drained. …
- Loblolly. Loblolly pines (P. taeda) are native to the southeastern United States. …
- Shore. The shore pine (P. …
- Other Pines. The spruce pine (P.
Pine Timber Values/AcreYearPlantation*Natural2017$1,542$1,6182018$1,694$1,7382019$1,566$2,055
A: Soggy soil is the kiss of death for most evergreens. … Balsam fir (Abies balsamea) and black spruce (Picea mariana) also tolerate wet soil fairly well, but neither one of them is very fond of our summer heat (especially balsam fir).