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What was the subject of the first series of allegorical paintings that Arcimboldo created for the Habsburg family?
Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Arcimboldo also spelled Arcimboldi, (born c. 1527, Milan [Italy]—died 1593, Milan), Italian Mannerist painter whose grotesque compositions of fruits, vegetables, animals, books, and other objects were arranged to resemble human portraits.
Few artists have painted portraits so beguiling as Giuseppe Arcimboldo, an Italian painter of the late Renaissance who made a name for himself in the courts of the Holy Roman Empire by creating painstakingly detailed images of various sitters.
This approach to art was shaped by Leonardo da Vinci, whose work Arcimboldo likely studied in Milan. In 1563, at the age of thirty-six, Arcimboldo left Italy to work in the imperial courts of the Habsburg rulers, first for Maximilian II in Vienna and then for Rudolf II in Prague.
Contemporarily, Arcimboldo is thought of as one of the first pioneers of the Mannerist art style especially due to his unique use of still life images.
Although precise details of his upbringing remain scarce, it is reasonable to suggest that, through his father’s influence, Giuseppe would have been introduced to painting as a young boy and that he developed his skill and talent from an early age.
Arcimboldo was an Italian Mannerist painter known for his extraordinary, and sometimes monstrous, human portraits. His unique collage style, which embodies a true surreal wit, is comprised of fruit and vegetables, animals, books, and other objects.
Yet, in 1590, Giuseppe Arcimboldo painted his royal patron, the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, as a heap of fruits and vegetables (opposite). … Lucky for Arcimboldo, Rudolf had a sense of humor. And he had probably grown accustomed to the artist’s visual wit.
Giuseppe Arcimboldo, the Renaissance Artist Whose Fruit-Faced Portraits Inspired the Surrealists – Artsy.
Giuseppe Arcimboldo – 26 artworks – painting.
Arcimboldo’s first allegorical images are perhaps his most famous—the Four Seasons, a series made for Maximillian II in 1563. These “portraits,” Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter, were each made up of seasonally appropriate fruits, vegetables, and flora.
In the 16th century, Italian painter Giuseppe Arcimboldo did just that. This late Renaissance master became famous not for religious scenes or traditional paintings, but for portraits of people made entirely from composites of produce and other objects.
Giuseppe Arcimboldo | Broad Heath Primary School.