|Federal Republic of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland|
|Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional republic|
|• 1949–1959 (first)||Theodor Heuss|
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), established on 23 May 1949, commonly known as West Germany, was a parliamentary democracy with a social democratic economic system and free churches and labor unions.
After World War II the country of Germany ended up dividing into two separate countries. East Germany became a communist country under the control of the Soviet Union. At the same time West Germany was a democratic country and allied with Britain, France, and the United States.
On 3 October 1990, the day Germany was officially reunified, East and West Berlin formally reunited, joined the Federal Republic as a city-state and, eventually, once again became the capital of Germany.
West Germany, from 1949 to 1990, a republic consisting of the western two-thirds of what is now Germany. West Germany was created in 1949 when the United States, Great Britain, and France consolidated those zones, or portions, of Germany that they had occupied at the end of World War II.
East Germany was recognized primarily by Communist countries and by the Arab bloc, along with some “scattered sympathizers”.
The Berlin Wall: Blockade and Crisis The existence of West Berlin, a conspicuously capitalist city deep within communist East Germany, “stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat,” as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev put it.
At the end of World War II, the main Allied powers—the United States, France, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union—divided Germany into two zones. The Soviet Union occupied East Germany and installed a rigidly controlled communist state. … Half of the city—West Berlin—was actually part of West Germany.
West Germany, as a capitalist country, mainly relies on private and individual ownership and control of the business enterprise, whereas in East Germany, as a socialist country, state enterprises were predominant.
Konrad Adenauer, (born January 5, 1876, Cologne, Germany—died April 19, 1967, Rhöndorf, West Germany), first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany; 1949–63), presiding over its reconstruction after World War II.
It was portrayed as a German-created political movement, but in reality SED-ruled East Germany was a dictatorship modeled on the Soviet Union from day one.
West Berlin, the western half of the German city of Berlin (q.v.), which until the reunification of the German state in 1990 was treated as a city and Land (state) of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), though it was not constitutionally part of that nation.
|Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin (April 1990 to June 1991 as Socialist Initiative) Sozialistische Einheitspartei Westberlins|
|Leader||Horst Schmitt (last)|
|Founded||24 November 1962|
The Weimar Republic was Germany’s government from 1919 to 1933, the period after World War I until the rise of Nazi Germany. It was named after the town of Weimar where Germany’s new government was formed by a national assembly after Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated.
The Federal Republic of Germany (popularly known as West Germany) is formally established as a separate and independent nation. … In May 1946, the United States halted reparation payments from West Germany to the Soviet Union.
After tensions arose between Soviets and the Western powers, the German Federal Republic (FRG, commonly known as West Germany) was created out of the American, British, and French zones on September 21, 1949.
Awareness of impending military defeat sparked the German Revolution, proclamation of a republic on 9 November 1918, the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II, and German surrender, marking the end of Imperial Germany and the beginning of the Weimar Republic.
In 1949, Germany formally split into two independent nations: the Federal Republic of Germany (FDR or West Germany), allied to the Western democracies, and the German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany), allied to the Soviet Union.
With the reunification of Germany on 3 October 1990, Berlin was reinstated as the capital city of united Germany and the Länder of the former German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany in its membership of NATO.
For purposes of occupation, the Americans, British, French, and Soviets divided Germany into four zones. The American, British, and French zones together made up the western two-thirds of Germany, while the Soviet zone comprised the eastern third.
Section 1, Article 1: “The German Democratic Republic is a socialist state of workers and peasants. It is the political organization of the working people of town and country under the leadership of the working class and its Marxist-Leninist party”.
The East Germans also erected an extensive barrier along most of the 850-mile border between East and West Germany. In the West, the Berlin Wall was regarded as a major symbol of communist oppression.
East Berlin was the de facto capital city of the German Democratic Republic from 1949 to 1990. Formally, it was the Soviet sector of Berlin, established in 1945. The American, British, and French sectors were known as West Berlin.
East Germany’s political and economic system reflected its status as a part of the Eastern Bloc of Soviet-allied Communist countries, with the nation ruled by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) and operating with a command economy for 41 years until 3 October 1990 when East and West Germany were unified with …
Does the Berlin Wall still exist? Segments of the Berlin Wall still exist in modern Berlin, notably on display at the Topography of Terror museum, the Berlin Wall Memorial, and the East Side Gallery. Pieces and whole segments of the wall are also on display in museums all over the world.
Berlin WallConstruction started13 August 1961Demolished9 November 1989 – 1994Dimensions
To stop the exodus of its population, the East German government, with the full consent of the Soviets, erected the Berlin Wall, isolating West from East Berlin. West Berlin, then literally an island within the surrounding GDR, became the symbol of Western freedom.
But much earlier in the wall’s history came four equally powerful words: John F. Kennedy’s declaration to a rapt audience of nearly a half million in front of West Berlin’s city hall on June 26, 1963: “Ich bin ein Berliner,” or, “I am a Berliner.”
I believe “Made in West(ern) Germany” was used between 1949-1990. ” Made in Germany US De-Military Zone” was used from about 1945-1949. ~ Happy is he who can discover the causes of things, for thereby he has mastered all fear, and is throned above fate.
- Australia (82.4)
- Switzerland (81.9)
- Ireland (81.4)
- Taiwan (78.6)
- United Kingdom (78.4)
- Estonia (78.2)
- Canada (77.9)
- Denmark (77.8)
A Vote to Decide the Capital The capital of pre-World War II Germany had been Berlin, and the capital of East Germany had been East Berlin. West Germany moved the capital city to Bonn following the split into two countries. Following unification, Germany’s parliament, the Bundestag, initially began meeting in Bonn.
The Federal Republic of Germany is structured as a federal state and parliamentary democracy. The Basic Law. … Read more › stipulates that all government powers emanate from the people. The people assigns these powers to the parliaments (Bundestag and State parliaments) for the duration of a legislative period.