Where does the vitex tree grow? chaste tree growing zone.
It emerges from the pontomedullary junction and exits the inner skull via the internal acoustic meatus (or internal auditory meatus) in the temporal bone. The vestibulocochlear nerve carries axons of type SSA (special somatic afferent).
The vestibular nerve projects to the vestibular nuclei in the rostral medulla (Fig. 20-3). The projection has some spatial specificity in that different nerves project to different areas of the vestibular nuclei. From there projections project to the dentate and fastigial nuclei of the cerebellum.
Course. The abducens nerve originates from a set of neural cells that are found in the ventral aspect of the pons.
The vestibulocochlear nerve is located in the internal auditory meatus (internal auditory canal). The nerve is responsible for equilibrium and hearing.
The vestibulocochlear nerve originates between the pons and the medulla oblongata, by two roots, vestibular and cochlear, emerging behind the facial nerve (VII) and in front of the inferior cerebellar peduncle.
vestibulocochlear nerve, also called Auditory Nerve, Acoustic Nerve, or Eighth Cranial Nerve, nerve in the human ear, serving the organs of equilibrium and of hearing.
Vestibulocochlear nerve. Your vestibulocochlear nerve has sensory functions involving hearing and balance. It consists of two parts, the cochlear portion and vestibular portion: Cochlear portion.
Organization of the several cranial nerve nuclei that govern eye movements, showing their innervation of the extraocular muscles. The abducens nucleus innervates the lateral rectus muscle; the trochlear nucleus innervates the superior oblique muscle; (more…)
The abducens nerve originates from neuronal cell bodies located in the ventral pons. These cells give rise to axons that course ventrally and exit the brain at the junction of the pons and the pyramid of the medulla. The nerve of each side then travels anteriorly where it pierces the dura lateral to the dorsum sellae.
Trochlear nerves (IV) These nerves originate in the midbrain, passing through the superior orbital fissures of the sphenoid bone, to reach the superior oblique muscles. The trochlear nerves are the smallest of the cranial nerves.
The vestibulocochlear nerve, also known as cranial nerve eight (CN VIII), consists of the vestibular and cochlear nerves. Each nerve has distinct nuclei within the brainstem.
We’ll begin with the seventh and eighth, the facial and vestibulo-cochlear nerves. As we’ve seen, these two nerves leave the brainstem just below the pons. Here’s the facial, here’s the vestibulo-cochlear.
The glossopharyngeal nerve is the 9th cranial nerve (CN IX). It is one of the four cranial nerves that has sensory, motor, and parasympathetic functions. It originates from the medulla oblongata and terminates in the pharynx.
The vestibular nucleus spans from the rostral medulla to the caudal pons. It is located bilaterally along the floor of the fourth ventricle and is lateral to the sulcus limitans.
The optic nerve connects the retina to the visual cortex in the back of the brain. Increased intracranial pressure, tumours, and increased vascular pressure in the eye are possible mechanisms by which the optic nerve can become damaged, impairing vision. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Cranial nerves I (olfactory), II (optic), and VIII (vestibulocochlear) are considered purely afferent. Cranial nerves III (oculomotor), IV (trochlear), VI (abducens), XI (spinal accessory), and XII (hypoglossal) are purely efferent.
The annulus of Zinn is a dense, fibrous ring of connective tissue located at the apex of the orbit that is the origin of four of the six extraocular muscles – the superior rectus, inferior rectus, lateral rectus, and medial rectus.
EXTRAOCULAR MUSCLES: There are six muscles that attach to the eye to move it. These muscles originate in the eye socket (orbit) and work to move the eye up, down, side to side, and rotate the eye. The superior rectus is an extraocular muscle that attaches to the top of the eye.
- Attachments: Originates from the body of the sphenoid bone. …
- Actions: Depresses, abducts and medially rotates the eyeball.
The abducens nerve functions to innervate the ipsilateral lateral rectus muscle and partially innervate the contralateral medial rectus muscle (at the level of the nucleus – via the medial longitudinal fasciculus).
Causes include an aneurysm, carcinomatous meningitis, procedure-related injury (e.g., spinal anesthesia, post-lumbar puncture), inflammatory lesions (e.g., sarcoid, lupus), infection (e.g., Lyme disease, syphilis, tuberculosis, Cryptococcus).
The hypoglossal nerve enables tongue movement. It controls the hyoglossus, intrinsic, genioglossus and styloglossus muscles. These muscles help you speak, swallow and move substances around in your mouth.
The trochlear nerve emerges from the back (dorsal) brainstem, just below the inferior colliculus. It circles from behind around the brainstem and runs forward toward the eye in the subarachnoid space.
the fourth cranial, or trochlear, nerve, which supplies the superior oblique, or pathetic, muscle of the eye. …
The cortical fibers of the facial nerve proper originate from the lower third of the motor strip. They course in the genu of the internal capsule and the middle third of the cerebral peduncle, supplying the seventh nucleus in the lower pons.
Also known as the vestibulocochlear nerve, it connects the inner ear with the brain and has two different parts. One part is involved in transmitting sound; the other helps send balance information from the inner ear to the brain.
The cochlear nerve, also known as the acoustic or auditory nerve, is the cranial nerve responsible for hearing. It travels from the inner ear to the brainstem and out through a bone located on the side of the skull called the temporal bone.
The accessory nerve is a cranial nerve that supplies the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. It is considered as the eleventh of twelve pairs of cranial nerves, or simply cranial nerve XI, as part of it was formerly believed to originate in the brain.
In higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds, mammals) there are 12 pairs of cranial nerves: olfactory (CN I), optic (CN II), oculomotor (CN III), trochlear (CN IV), trigeminal (CN V), abducent (or abducens; CN VI), facial (CN VII), vestibulocochlear (CN VIII), glossopharyngeal (CN IX), vagus (CN X), accessory (CN XI), and …
Vagus nerveFMA5731Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy
adjective. of or relating to the tongue and pharynx.