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Examples of Convergent Boundaries The West Coast of South America is a convergent boundary between the Nazca Plate and the South American Plate. The collision of this oceanic and continental plate was how the Andes Mountains were formed. Convergent boundaries can also form islands.
Examples of ocean-continent convergent boundaries are subduction of the Nazca Plate under South America (which has created the Andes Mountains and the Peru Trench) and subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate under North America (creating the Cascade Range).
The Cascadia Subduction Zone, extending from northern California through western Oregon and Washington to southern British Columbia, is a type of convergent plate boundary. Two parallel mountain ranges have been forming as a result of the Juan de Fuca Plate subducting beneath the edge of North America.
Divergent boundaries are spreading boundaries, where new oceanic crust is created to fill in the space as the plates move apart. Most divergent boundaries are located along mid-ocean oceanic ridges (although some are on land).
If two tectonic plates collide, they form a convergent plate boundary. Usually, one of the converging plates will move beneath the other, a process known as subduction. … The new magma (molten rock) rises and may erupt violently to form volcanoes, often building arcs of islands along the convergent boundary.
The Pacific Ring of Fire is an example of a convergent plate boundary. At convergent plate boundaries, oceanic crust is often forced down into the mantle where it begins to melt. Magma rises into and through the other plate, solidifying into granite, the rock that makes up the continents.
Typically, a convergent plate boundary—such as the one between the Indian Plate and the Eurasian Plate—forms towering mountain ranges, like the Himalaya, as Earth’s crust is crumpled and pushed upward. In some cases, however, a convergent plate boundary can result in one tectonic plate diving underneath another.
- Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
- Red Sea Rift.
- Baikal Rift Zone.
- East African Rift.
- East Pacific Rise.
- Gakkel Ridge.
- Galapagos Rise.
- Explorer Ridge.
The Juan de Fuca and Gorda ridges mark the divergent plate boundary (the spreading ridge) with the Pacific plate. The Cascadia trench marks the subduction zone with the North American plate. The arrow shows the direction of convergence.
Mount Rainier (Figure 2.1) is one of about two dozen recently active volcanoes in the Cascade Range, a volcanic arc formed by subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate beneath the North American plate.
Crater Lake is convergent plate boundary.
A convergent boundary (also known as a destructive boundary) is an area on Earth where two or more lithospheric plates collide. … Convergent boundaries occur between oceanic-oceanic lithosphere, oceanic-continental lithosphere, and continental-continental lithosphere.
Convergent boundaries are areas where plates move toward each other and collide.
Seafloor Processes Oceanic lithosphere forms at midocean ridges, where hot magma upwells, and then cools to form plates as the material moves away from the spreading center.
Mt. St. Helens is a volcano in Washington, near the Oregon border, in the Cascade Range. The Cascade Volcanoes, which stretch all from British Columbia through Northern California, are stratovolcanoes that have formed inland from a convergent plate boundary, where ocean crust is subducting below the continent.
Fold mountains are created where two or more of Earth’s tectonic plates are pushed together. At these colliding, compressing boundaries, rocks and debris are warped and folded into rocky outcrops, hills, mountains, and entire mountain ranges. Fold mountains are created through a process called orogeny.
Mountains are formed by plate convergence. Plate convergence describes tectonic plate movement that results in the collision of two plates. These slow-moving collisions shift the plates only a few centimeters a year, but are powerful enough to form large mountain ranges over time.
Some transform plate boundaries pass through continental crust. An example of such a transform is the San Andreas Fault. Along the San Andreas Fault the Pacific plate moves in a northwest direction relative to the North American plate.
convergent plate boundary. A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving toward each other. If the two plates are of equal density, they usually push up against each other, forming a mountain chain. If they are of unequal density, one plate usually sinks beneath the other in a subduction zone.
These are associated with a convergent plate boundary and caused by subduction of the North American plate beneath the eastern edge of the Caribbean plate.
At convergent boundaries, plates move towards each other. At transform boundaries, plates move alongside each other.
The Mariana Plate is a micro tectonic plate located west of the Mariana Trench which forms the basement of the Mariana Islands which form part of the Izu–Bonin–Mariana Arc. It is separated from the Philippine Sea Plate to the west by a divergent boundary with numerous transform fault offsets.
The Strait of Juan de Fuca is located in western Washington, along the border between Canada and the United States.
EASTERN PACIFIC Stretching 300 miles along the coast of Washington and Oregon, the Juan de Fuca Ridge is an underwater volcanic mountain range.
Juan de FucaOccupationMaritime pilot
The volcanism that formed the Mount Rainier we see today ties to its location within the Cascade Range. … It involves a common convergent interaction between tectonic plates where two plates collide and the resulting chain of volcanoes that forms parallel to and inland from the plate boundary.
The Aleutian Trench is a convergent plate boundary. The trench forms part of the boundary between two tectonic plates. Here, the Pacific Plate is being subducted under the North American Plate at an angle of nearly 45 degrees.
Mount St. Helens sits on the plate boundary between Juan de Fuca and the North American plates (map above). The boundary is part of the so- called ‘Ring of Fire’ – the string of volcanoes that congregate around the margin of the Pacific Ocean. The plate margin that created Mount St.
The lake is located in Crater Lake National Park. The chain of volcanoes of the High Cascades approximately parallels the plate boundary, and is related to subduction of the small Juan de Fuca and Gorda plates beneath the North American plate.
Crater Lake is located in Southern Oregon on the crest of the Cascade Mountain range, 100 miles (160 km) east of the Pacific Ocean. It lies inside a caldera, or volcanic basin, created when the 12,000 foot (3,660 meter) high Mount Mazama collapsed 7,700 years ago following a large eruption.
Wizard Island is a volcanic cinder cone which forms an island at the west end of Crater Lake in Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. The top of the island reaches 6,933 feet (2,113 m) above sea level, about 755 feet (230 m) above the average surface of the lake.
Plate boundaries are the edges where two plates meet. Most geologic activities, including volcanoes, earthquakes, and mountain building, take place at plate boundaries. … Convergent plate boundaries: the two plates move towards each other. Transform plate boundaries: the two plates slip past each other.
This activity shows the different geological features formed in convergent boundary particularly in converging continental plate and oceanic plate. The activity presented a picture in which plate A subducted beneath plate B. Plate A is an oceanic plate which is denser than plate B which is a continental plate.
[ kən-vûr′jənt ] A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving toward each other. If the two plates are of equal density, they usually push up against each other, forming a mountain chain. If they are of unequal density, one plate usually sinks beneath the other in a subduction zone.
Convergent boundaries are the borders between the plates that are moving towards each other and colliding. … When two oceanic plates collide, ocean trenches and volcanoes can form. These volcanoes can lead to the formation of islands. When two continental plates collide, large mountain ranges form.
Converging plates are moving towards one another while divergent plates move away from one another.