Americans still die of tuberculosis (TB), a preventable disease (1). On the basis of death certificate data, the TB mortality rate in the United States was 0.2/100,000 population, or 555 deaths, in 2013 and has not changed since 2003 (2).
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The average prevalence of all forms of tuberculosis in India is estimated to be 5.05 per thousand, prevalence of smear-positive cases 2.27 per thousand and average annual incidence of smear-positive cases at 84 per 1,00,000 annually.
Is this disease curable? Ans. Yes. However the patient has to take regular and full course of treatment, as advised by the doctor.
In India, pollution is widespread throughout the country. Pollution causes many effects in the air that people breathe, and since TB can be passed from person to person through the air, the chances of catching TB remain high in many parts of India.
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a vaccine for tuberculosis (TB) disease. This vaccine is not widely used in the United States, but it is often given to infants and small children in other countries where TB is common. BCG does not always protect people from getting TB.
Tuberculosis (TB) is 100% curable if treated with the approved four drug combination for a minimum of six months. You will start feeling better within two to four weeks after starting treatment. However, it is very important to complete the whole course of antibiotics or; else the disease will get worse.
Tuberculosis deaths rise for the first time in more than a decade due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has reversed years of global progress in tackling tuberculosis and for the first time in over a decade, TB deaths have increased, according to the World Health Organization’s 2021 Global TB report.
There are 3 stages of TB—exposure, latent, and active disease. A TB skin test or a TB blood test can diagnose the disease. Treatment exactly as recommended is necessary to cure the disease and prevent its spread to other people.
A total of 7,163 TB cases were reported during 2020 (2.2 cases per 100,000 persons), 20% fewer than during 2019 (2.7 cases per 100,000 persons).
In 2020, an estimated 10 million people fell ill with tuberculosis (TB) worldwide. 5.6 million men, 3.3 million women and 1.1 million children. TB is present in all countries and age groups.
In 2020, Uttar Pradesh had the highest share of tuberculosis notifications in India with over 20 percent.
The Bhore committee report issued in 1946 estimated that about 2.5 million patients required treatment in the country with only 6,000 beds available. The first open air institution for isolation and treatment of TB patients was started in 1906 in Tilaunia near Ajmer and Almora in the Himalayas in 1908.
Tuberculin skin test surveys in India show a very high annual risk of TB infection.  Given the very high TB burden of active TB in India, it is not surprising that nearly 40% of Indians are estimated to be latently infected.
Tuberculosis has been held to be a life-long infection by most who study the disease, with this concept playing an important role in TB elimination efforts by WHO and national organizations.
Pulmonary tuberculosis frequently goes away by itself, but in more than half of cases, the disease can return.
In India, we do not treat latent TB, as most people would have been exposed to the bacteria at some point in time. Moreover, there is no good evidence that all these people will develop active TB disease in the future, or that treating latent TB will prevent further reinfection.
The prevalence of self-reported tuberculosis is six times higher in the poorest quintile in India than in the wealthiest quintile, and those in the poorest strata frequently share multiple risk factors for tuberculosis, notably low BMI and indoor air pollution.
The number of TB cases among senior citizens was the highest in Gujarat (4.3 per cent), followed by Arunachal Pradesh (2.9 per cent), Bihar (2.8 per cent), Manipur (2.1 per cent) and Nagaland (2 per cent).
In fact India has developed a new TB vaccine for adults called VPM 1002, which is based on the BCG tuberculosis vaccine but, is currently under trial and would soon be available for public use.
CountryKazakhstanAge of 1st BCGAt birthAge of 2nd BCG6 yrsAge of 3rd BCG12 yrs
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TB infection happens in 4 stages: the initial macrophage response, the growth stage, the immune control stage, and the lung cavitation stage. These four stages happen over roughly one month.
Even if you successfully beat tuberculosis, you can get tuberculosis infection again. In fact, TB reinfection is becoming more common. Tuberculosis is a potentially life-threatening, airborne bacterial infection that can be found worldwide.
Impact of BCG vaccination has demonstrated that classical or generalized tuberculosis meningitis, miliary TB, disseminated tuberculosis, and other serious complications of primary infections go on occurring in malnourished BCG-vaccinated children.
In 1943 Selman Waksman discovered a compound that acted against M. tuberculosis, called streptomycin. The compound was first given to a human patient in November 1949 and the patient was cured.
TB in humans can be traced back to 9,000 years ago in Atlit Yam, a city now under the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Israel. Archeologists found TB in the remains of a mother and child buried together. The earliest written mentions of TB were in India (3,300 years ago) and China (2,300 years ago).
Reported Tuberculosis in the United States, 2018 However, considering incidence rates by reporting area, Alaska (8.5 cases per 100,000 persons) has the highest TB rate, followed by Hawaii (8.4), New York City (6.7), California (5.3), the District of Columbia (5.1), and Texas (3.9).
Foods Rich in Vitamin A, C and E Fruits and vegetables like orange, mango, sweet pumpkin and carrots, guava, amla, tomato, nuts and seeds are an excellent source of Vitamin A, C and E. These foods must be included in the daily diet regime of a TB patient.
YearNumber of CasesRate20189,0062.820179,0712.820169,2422.920159,5363
There is no cure for TB This is false; TB is treatable. The most common treatment for a latent TB infection is the antibiotic isoniazid.