Captain Cook’s Merchant Ships: Freelove, Three Brothers, Mary, Friendship, Endeavour, Adventure, Resolution and Discovery.
HMS Endeavour and her crew There were also nine civilians, including the renowned astronomer Charles Green as well as the young naturalist Joseph Banks and his party of four servants, a secretary, two artists, a botanist and two dogs.
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3 of them died in infancy. Two of the others (James and Nathaniel) died at sea whilst serving in the Royal Navy. The youngest of the family, Hugh Cook, died whilst at college at Cambridge. None of their children had married and had children of their own, so there are no descendants from the Cook family.
The Endeavour replica is square-rigged with 25 sails made from “Duradon” (a brand of polyester rot- and water-resistant sailcloth), giving a sail area of between 1,461 and 1,511 square metres (15,730 and 16,260 sq ft), including 531 square metres (5,720 sq ft) of studding sails.
On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook, the great English explorer and navigator, is killed by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island group. … Almost one year later, Cook’s two ships returned to the Hawaiian Islands and found a safe harbor in Hawaii’s Kealakekua Bay.
In April 1770, Endeavour became the first ship to reach the east coast of mainland Australia. Cook landed at the site now known as Botany Bay. … The ship was sunk during a blockade off Rhode Island in 1778.
According to the muster-book, or crew list, about 70 men, including the carpenter, boatswain’s mate and sailmaker, servants, able seamen and marines, joined the Endeavour and began receiving wages from 25 May 1768.
After his return to England, Cook was chosen to circumnavigate and explore Antarctica. On this voyage, he charted present-day Tonga, Easter Island, New Caledonia, the South Sandwich Islands and South Georgia, and disproved the existence of Terra Australis, a fabled southern continent.
1772–1775: Second voyage – Resolution and Adventure. In 1772 James Cook was sent back to the Pacific by the Admiralty to search for the Great Southern Continent, believed by some in Europe to encircle the South Pole and to balance the weight of the landmasses of the northern hemisphere.
The third lieutenant was John Gore, a 16-year Naval veteran who had served as master’s mate aboard HMS Dolphin during its circumnavigation of the world in 1766. Other notable people on the expedition include the official astronomer, Charles Green, then assistant to the Astronomer Royal, Nevil Maskelyne.
James Cook and some of his crew landed at Kamay Botany Bay on 29 April 1770. They spent the following months charting the continent’s eastern coastline, encountering Australian flora and fauna and interacting with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples from different nations.
In May 1775 Captain James Cook called at St Helena in the Resolution on his voyage back to England. Cook sailed away with eight East India Company soldiers who had been granted a discharge after serving their contracted time.
Captain Cook is located on the west side of the island of Hawaii at 19°29′54″N 155°54′15″W (19.498211, -155.904275). It is bordered to the north by Kealakekua and to the south by Honaunau-Napoopoo.
- First voyage (1768-71) …
- Second Voyage (1772-75) …
- Third voyage (1776-1780) …
- Assessment. …
- This blog post is simultaneously published on the Transit of Venus website.
Mounting one hundred and ten cannons, the Endeavour represented the power of the East India Trading Company, particularly its Director and head of the Armada, Lord Cutler Beckett.
It sailed around the world in the 1700s and is considered one of the most famous research ships. One of the most famous science research ships in history — the Endeavour, commanded by Lieut. James Cook on his first voyage around the world — is now thought to lie at the bottom of Newport Harbor in Rhode Island.
The Hawaiian Islands were first discovered by the West in 1778 by Captain James Cook. At the time, Cook named the island chain the Sandwich Islands after the British Earl of Sandwich.
James Cook was a British naval captain, navigator, and explorer who sailed the seaways and coasts of Canada and conducted three expeditions to the Pacific Ocean (1768–71, 1772–75, and 1776–79), ranging from the Antarctic ice fields to the Bering Strait and from the coasts of North America to Australia and New Zealand.
After a 20-year search for the final resting place of Captain James Cook’s famous ship HMB Endeavour, maritime archaeologists are finally closing in on its wreck in the US state of Rhode Island.
HistoryGreat BritainRenamedLord Sandwich, February 1776HomeportPlymouth, United KingdomFateScuttled, Newport, Rhode Island, 1778
In keeping with the ambitious spirit of the era, the vessel was renamed His Majesty’s Bark (HMB) Endeavour (bark being a nautical term to describe a ship with three masts or more). Endeavour departed England in 1768 under the command of then-Lieutenant Cook.
On April 1st the Secretary of the Admiralty advised the Council of the Royal Society of the purchase and James Cook was selected for command of the expedition. The Earl of Pembroke was renamed the Endeavour Bark after being sheathed with additional light planking and fitted out at Deptford Naval Yards on the Thames.
One point that Marquadt deals with is the description of the Endeavour as “a Cat-built Bark” by the Navy Board in 1768, “a bluff-headed bark” by Beaglehole, and “a sort of ship-rigged cat” by Villiers. He concludes that she was a “cat-rigged bark”.
At 17, he worked for a shopkeeper in Staithes near Whitby. Here he decided that a life at sea was what he wanted and he became apprenticed to a firm of Whitby coal shippers. At the age of 18, he first went to sea.
James Cook’s third and final voyage (12 July 1776 – 4 October 1780) took the route from Plymouth via Cape Town and Tenerife to New Zealand and the Hawaiian Islands, and along the North American coast to the Bering Strait.
A Brief History of the Hawaiian Islands 1,500 years ago: Polynesians arrive in Hawaii after navigating the ocean using only the stars to guide them. 1778: Captain James Cook lands at Waimea Bay on the island of Kauai, becoming the first European to make contact with the Hawaiian Islands.
From there it sailed around Cape York through Torres Strait to Batavia, in the Dutch East Indies. In Batavia and on the last leg of the voyage one-third of the crew died of malaria and dysentery. Cook and the other survivors finally reached England in July 1771.
In January 1778, Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to visit the Hawaiian islands. They went on to explore the west coast of North America, where Cook tried and failed to pass the Bering Strait in his search for a northern passage between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
On his first voyage, James Cook had searched for, but failed to find, the Great Southern Continent, believed to encircle the South Pole.
Lieutenant James Cook, captain of HMB Endeavour, claimed the eastern portion of the Australian continent for the British Crown in 1770, naming it New South Wales.
Cook continued to explore the Antarctic, heading south into the summer sea ice, icebergs and fog until he reached 67°31′ South before hauling north again for 1,400 miles (2,200 km).
Exploring different bays and rivers along the way Cook circumnavigated New Zealand and was the first to accurately chart the whole of the coastline. He discovered that New Zealand consisted of two main islands, north (Te Ika a Maui) and south (Te Wai Pounamu) islands (October 1769-March 1770).
Captain James Cook FRS (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the British Royal Navy, famous for his three voyages between 1768 and 1779 in the Pacific Ocean and to Australia in particular.