The only question at hand is whether or not it would be just for Socrates to attempt an escape. If it is just, he will go with Crito, if it is unjust, he must remain in prison and face death. … Rather than simply break the Laws and escape, Socrates should try to persuade the Laws to let him go.
Would life exist without the moon? would life exist without the sun.


What is Socrates argument as to why it is unjust to break the law?

For Socrates, breaking the law, even if the law is unjust, represents an unjust action in the sense that it undermines the agreements that he has entered into with the city’s inhabitants.

Is it just or unjust for Socrates to accept his punishment and die?

ABSTRACT: In the dialogue, Crito, Socrates justified his decision to accept his death penalty. His decision was praised as principled and just. However, such a view was one of the greatest myths in the history of philosophy.

What reasons does Socrates give for thinking that breaking the laws of the City cause the city harm?

Since the Laws exist as one entity, to break one would be to break them all, and in doing so, Socrates would cause them great harm. The citizen is bound to the Laws like a child is bound to a parent, and so to go against the Laws would be like striking a parent.

Was Socrates just punishment?

The study concludes that Socrates essentially caused his own death. … In the beginning Socrates joked saying that he should have been rewarded instead. Eventually he suggested a small fine, but the jury did not find his joke funny and decided the death penalty.

Does disobeying the law destroy the state?

If private individuals can disobey and nullify laws when they please, the Laws will no longer have any effect or any importance, and so the State will fall into chaos. The State is only held together by the Laws, and the Laws are only binding if they hold no matter what the circumstances.

What did Socrates die from?

The death of Socrates in 399 BCE, as reported by Plato in the Phaedo, is usually attributed to poisoning with common hemlock. His progressive centripetal paralysis is characteristic of that poison.

Why does Socrates refuse to escape what does he see as his obligations to the state ?)?

If Socrates were to try to escape he would be breaking the Laws rather than following any of these just actions. … The Laws conclude, then, that Socrates has no reason to break the Laws now: he has had every opportunity to leave or disagree, and the Laws have made no effort to deceive him in any way.

What reasons does Socrates give for thinking that he has made a just agreement with the city to obey its laws?

Abstract: Socrates´ thought of justice and obedience to laws is motivated by a will to avoid the destructive effects of Sophistic criticisms and theories of laws. He thus requires-against theories of natural law-an almost absolute obedience to the law, as far as this law respects the legal system of the city.

Did Socrates follow the law?

Main points. Socrates obeyed what he regarded as an unjust verdict. Crito offered him an easy escape but instead he went to his legally mandated death despite believing that the conviction and sentence were wrong. … disobeyed what he regarded as an unjust application of the law.

Is Socrates death sentence a just punishment?

He was found guilty of “impiety” and “corrupting the young”, sentenced to death, and then required to carry out his own execution by consuming a deadly potion of the poisonous plant hemlock. Politicians and historians have often used the trial to show how democracy can go rotten by descending into mob rule.

Why did Socrates choose not to escape?

Not only would it be easy to rescue Socrates, Crito suggests, but Socrates is acting unjustly by remaining in prison. In refusing to escape, he is treating himself as his enemies want to treat him, and so is wronging himself.

Is it ever acceptable to break the law?

In short, if anybody ever has a right to break the law, this cannot be a legal right under the law. It has to be a moral right against the law. And this moral right is not an unlimited right to disobey any law which one regards as unjust.

What are some examples of unjust laws today?

  • Money Bail. …
  • Private Bail Companies. …
  • Suspended Drivers Licenses. …
  • Excessive Mandatory Minimum Sentences. …
  • Wealth-Based Banishment That Outlaws Low-Income Housing. …
  • Private Probation Abuses. …
  • Parking Tickets to Debtors’ Prison. …
  • Sex Offense Registration Laws.
Does Socrates believe in God?

Socrates: Early Years Socrates was born and lived nearly his entire life in Athens. … Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.

What is Hemlock death?

Hemlock poisoning occurs after ingesting any part of the plant, such as the seeds, flowers, leaves, or fruits. All parts of this plant contain toxic alkaloids that can be fatal even in small amounts. The alkaloids can affect nerve impulse transmission to your muscles, eventually killing you through respiratory failure.

Why does Socrates go willingly to his death and refuse to escape?

In order for him to prove his innocence, that he does believe in the gods and is setting a good example he must stay and die in prison. He shows he believes in the gods by following and keeping his oath. He sets a good example by showing that he is willing to obey the laws no matter the consequence.

Why does Socrates refuse the option of leaving Athens and leading a quiet life?

– The context of this statement is he is choosing his punishment for his trial and decides he does not want exile because he will constantly be driven from cities which will not allow him to do what he loves (i.e. question the hell out of people) and he refuses to live a quiet life without talking because again that

What is Socrates principle about keeping just agreements?

What is Socrates’ principle about keeping just agreements? If you make an agreement, the individual must fulfill it.

What is the rule of law in crito?

Socrates means exactly what he says—it is never right to do injustice—but one must do only what he can based upon reflection of the arguments available to him. Rule of law is just insofar as it subverts the dangerous anarchy of the majority.

How does Socrates react to critics claim that if he escapes he will be able to spend time with his wife and children?

SOcrates reminds Crito that even if he has been injured, he cannot injure in return according to his moral principles. Socrates believes if he escapes this would injure the state by advocating an individual can take the law into their own hands.

Why was crito there to talk with Socrates?

Crito has come to see Socrates because he has learned his execution will take place the next day, and wishes to rescue his friend.

What are the punishments proposed by Meletus and by Socrates respectively after Socrates is declared guilty by the jury?

After some deliberation, the jury finds Socrates guilty by a vote of 280 to 221. Meletus has proposed the death penalty, and Socrates is invited to propose an alternative form of punishment. …

Where does crito want to help Socrates to escape to?

His friend, Crito, visits him in the prison (bribing the guard) with the bad news that the execution will take place soon. He offers his help to Socrates to escape from prison.

What justifications does Socrates give to crito in crito against escaping jail?

Crito lays out several reasons for why he should escape including that their enemies would think his friends were too cheap or timid to arrange for him to escape, that he would be giving his enemies what they want by dying and that he has a responsibility to his children to not leave them fatherless.

Is breaking the law morally wrong?

Sometimes laws may feel unjust. … There are also examples of the opposite, morally wrong actions that are legally permitted (lying to a friend, exploiting a loophole in the law to avoid paying taxes). Therefore, it can indeed be morally right, and even indicated, to break the law in certain situations.

Why person breaks the law?

Poverty, parental neglect, low self-esteem, alcohol and drug abuse can be connected to why people break the law. Some are at greater risk of becoming offenders because of the circumstances into which they are born.

What laws are broken the most?

  1. Underage Drinking. According to SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions), about 26% of the under-21 crowd uses alcohol at least once a month. …
  2. Littering. …
  3. Smoking Marijuana. …
  4. Jaywalking. …
  5. Pirating music.
What are just and unjust laws?

A just law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put it in the terms of St. Thomas Aquinas : An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law.

What are some unjust laws in history?

  • Naturalization Act of 1790: Refused the granting of national citizenship to indentured servants, slaves, free Blacks and later Asians.
  • Fugitive Slave Act of 1793: Made it a crime to escape slavery and/or to harbor fugitive slaves.